Table 3 ORs and 95% CIs of subsequent disability pension cases for work unit-assessed job strain and its elements
N of participantsN of disability pension cases (%)ORs (95% CI) for disability pension, adjusted for
NoneAge and sex (A)A + socioeconomic position (B)B + health risk behaviour (C)*C + health indicators (D) †
Job demands
Quartile 1 (low)613520 (22)1.001.001.001.001.00
Quartile 2636118 (19)0.87 (0.45 to 1.69)0.88 (0.47 to 1.67)0.91 (0.48 to 1.74)0.93 (0.47 to 1.86)0.96 (0.48 to 1.92)
Quartile 3629427 (29)1.32 (0.74 to 2.35)1.33 (0.74 to 2.38)1.38 (0.77 to 2.48)1.42 (0.78 to 2.59)1.43 (0.79 to 2.58)
Quartile 4 (high)636028 (30)1.35 (0.75 to 2.42)1.35 (0.76 to 2.42)1.39 (0.77 to 2.50)1.42 (0.76 to 2.64)1.44 (0.78 to 2.67)
Job control
Quartile 4 (high)648215 (16)1.001.001.001.001.00
Quartile 3654419 (20)1.26 (0.63 to 2.48)1.24 (0.63 to 2.44)1.18 (0.59 to 2.35)1.16 (0.58 to 2.34)1.15 (0.56 to 2.35)
Quartile 2630629 (31)1.99 (1.07 to 3.71)1.89 (1.01 to 3.52)1.75 (0.92 to 3.34)1.73 (0.88 to 3.39)1.76 (0.89 to 3.49)
Quartile 1 (low)581830 (32)2.23 (1.21 to 4.12)2.02 (1.08 to 3.75)1.74 (0.89 to 3.41)1.66 (0.85 to 3.30)1.66 (0.82 to 3.34)
Job strain
Low strain640714 (15)1.001.001.001.001.00
Active jobs661920 (22)1.38 (0.69 to 2.78)1.39 (0.70 to 2.75)1.42 (0.71 to 2.82)1.45 (0.72 to 2.89)1.42 (0.71 to 2.86)
Passive jobs608924 (26)1.81 (0.91 to 3.59)1.69 (0.87 to 3.28)1.56 (0.80 to 3.07)1.53 (0.74 to 3.16)1.54 (0.74 to 3.18)
High strain603535 (38)2.66 (1.41 to 5.02)2.46 (1.32 to 4.59)2.27 (1.20 to 4.28)2.25 (1.17 to 4.35)2.27 (1.17 to 4.40)
  • *In addition to age, sex and socioeconomic position, ORs are adjusted for smoking status, alcohol consumption, leisure time physical activity and obesity at baseline.

  • †In addition to age, sex, socioeconomic position and health behaviour, ORs are adjusted for cardiovascular disease, musculoskeletal disease, respiratory disease, psychiatric disorder, psychological distress and self-rated health status.