Table 2 ORs and 95% CIs of subsequent disability pension cases for self-assessed job strain and its elements
N of participantsN (%) of disability pension casesORs (95% CI) for disability pension, adjusted for
NoneAge and sex (A)A+ Socioeconomic position (B)B+ Health risk behaviour (C)*C+ Health indicators (D)†
Job demands
Quartile 1 (low)574214 (15)1.001.001.001.001.00
Quartile 2659528 (30)1.74 (0.92 to 3.31)1.72 (0.90 to 3.26)1.74 (0.92 to 3.30)1.75 (0.92 to 3.32)1.62 (0.85 to 3.09)
Quartile 3607820 (22)1.35 (0.70 to 2.62)1.29 (0.67 to 2.51)1.34 (0.69 to 2.57)1.36 (0.71 to 2.62)1.13 (0.59 to 2.20)
Quartile 4 (high)673531 (33)1.89 (1.01 to 3.56)1.70 (0.90 to 3.18)1.81 (0.96 to 3.39)1.76 (0.94 to 3.30)1.21 (0.65 to 2.25)
Job control
Quartile 4 (high)599013 (14)1.001.001.001.001.00
Quartile 3693217 (18)1.13 (0.56 to 2.27)1.12 (0.56 to 2.26)1.10 (0.54 to 2.28)1.10 (0.53 to 2.28)1.00 (0.48 to 2.07)
Quartile 2611131 (33)2.34 (1.22 to 4.50)2.26 (1.18 to 4.33)2.17 (1.09 to 4.30)2.18 (1.09 to 4.36)1.74 (0.85 to 3.54)
Quartile 1 (low)611732 (34)2.42 (1.26 to 4.63)2.26 (1.19 to 4.32)2.09 (1.02 to 4.30)2.01 (0.97 to 4.16)1.46 (0.68 to 3.13)
Job strain
Low strain615410 (11)1.001.001.001.001.00
Active jobs676820 (22)1.82 (0.84 to 3.93)1.69 (0.78 to 3.65)1.71 (0.81 to 3.65)1.69 (0.80 to 3.62)1.33 (0.62 to 2.87)
Passive jobs615132 (34)3.20 (1.57 to 6.50)3.03 (1.49 to 6.16)2.85 (1.35 to 6.05)2.82 (1.34 to 5.96)2.29 (1.07 to 4.91)
High strain604531 (33)3.17 (1.57 to 6.37)2.80 (1.40 to 5.61)2.66 (1.29 to 5.48)2.60 (1.26 to 5.34)1.66 (0.78 to 3.51)
  • *In addition to age, sex and socioeconomic position, ORs are adjusted for smoking status, alcohol consumption, leisure-time physical activity and obesity at baseline.

  • †In addition to age, sex, socioeconomic position and health behaviour, ORs are adjusted for cardiovascular disease, musculoskeletal disease, respiratory disease, psychiatric disorder, psychological distress and self-rated health status.