Table 3 Association between current school attendance and HIV awareness, sexual behaviour and HIV infection among 1003 young women aged 14–25 years from rural South Africa, 2001
VariableNon-studentsStudentsModel 1Model 2Model 3
N (%)N (%)aOR (95% CI)aOR (95% CI)aOR (95% CI)
Total number380623
Lack of HIV knowledge188 (49.5)373 (59.9)1.13 (0.81 to 1.57)1.16 (0.81 to 1.64)1.22 (0.84 to 1.77)
Lack of household communication174 (45.8)347 (55.7)1.22 (0.87 to 1.72)1.40 (0.97 to 2.02)1.24 (0.84 to 1.83)
Not had an HIV test324 (85.3)585 (93.9)1.23 (0.67 to 2.28)1.26 (0.70 to 2.27)0.79 (0.42 to 1.49)
Ever had sex*364 (95.8)342 (54.9)0.77 (0.65 to 0.90)0.74 (0.62 to 0.87)0.95 (0.81 to 1.12)
Unwanted sex at debut†167 (45.9)179 (52.3)1.04 (0.74 to 1.46)0.90 (0.62 to 1.31)0.97 (0.65 to 1.46)
More than 2 partners during lifetime197 (51.8)110 (17.7)0.59 (0.41 to 0.85)0.54 (0.37 to 0.79)0.69 (0.46 to 1.04)
More than 1 partner during previous year25 (6.6)32 (5.1)0.89 (0.42 to 1.87)0.82 (0.39 to 1.72)0.92 (0.41 to 2.08)
Ever had a child275 (72.4)87 14.0)0.17 (0.12 to 0.25)0.16 (0.11 to 0.24)
14–19 years236/320 (73.8)72/576 (13.0)0.09 (0.05 to 0.15)0.08 (0.04 to 0.15)
20–25 years39/60 (65.0)12/47 (25.5)0.30 (0.19 to 0.50)0.31 (0.19 to 0.53)
Continuing sexual activity (versus secondary abstinence)†327 (89.8)309 (90.4)1.22 (0.62 to 2.40)1.16 (0.55 to 2.44)0.79 (0.38 to 1.65)
No. of partnerships354346
Intercourse more than 5 times in past year269 (76.0)195 (56.4)0.68 (0.41 to 0.88)0.55 (0.36 to 0.83)0.57 (0.37 to 0.87)
Male partner more than 3 years older than female208 (63.4)147 (44.7)0.53 (0.35 to 0.78)0.47 (0.31 to 0.71)0.52 (0.34 to 0.80)
Only male partner provides resources244 (68.9)256 (74.0)1.07 (0.70 to 1.63)1.29 (0.81 to 2.04)1.26 (0.78 to 2.03)
Never used a condom in past year186 (52.5)153 (44.2)0.63 (0.43 to 0.93)0.62 (0.42 to 0.93)0.60 (0.40 to 0.91)
No condom use at last sex271 (76.6)223 (64.5)0.65 (0.43 to 0.99)0.62 (0.40 to 0.96)0.69 (0.44 to 1.07)
Data on HIV serostatus302507
HIV positive50 (16.6)29 (5.7)0.75 (0.38 to 1.50)0.73 (0.36 to 1.50)0.73 (0.34 to 1.56)
  • aOR, Adjusted odds ratio; CI, confidence interval.

  • Model 1 adjusted for age. Model 2 adjusted for age and confounders including temporary migration and household wealth. Model 3 as model 2 additionally adjusted for childbirth. Missing data were on age of sexual debut (7) and age difference between partners (45).

  • *Effect estimate was hazard ratio from Cox regression.

  • †Only among those who had previously had sex.