Table 3 Odds ratios (95% CI) for better physical health scores (SF-12, PCS), according to the level of perceived greenness, walking for recreation, social coherence and local social interaction
nModel 1 (unadjusted)Model 2 (adjusted)†Model 3 (adjusted)‡
Perceived greenness
    Low5551.001.001.00
    Medium7100.96 (0.77 to 1.20)0.93 (0.74 to 1.18)0.90 (0.71 to 1.14)
    High6301.41 (1.12 to 1.77)**1.37 (1.08 to 1.74)*1.27 (0.99 to 1.62)
Walking for recreation§
    Low9351.00
    High9601.72 (1.42 to 2.08)***
Social coherence score
    Low8911.00
    High10041.14 (0.93 to 1.40)
Local social interaction
    Low9501.00
    High9450.99 (0.81 to 1.22)
  • *p<0.05, **p<0.01, ***p<0.001.

  • †Adjusted for age, education, work status, household income and marital status.

  • ‡Adjusted for age, education, work status, household income, marital status, walking for recreation, social coherence score and local social interaction.

  • §Low: 8.6 minutes/day or less; High: more than 8.6 minutes/day.