Table 3 Ordinary least squares (OLS) regression of increase in attainment and dietary patterns at 3, 4 and 7 years
VariableKS2†KS1†
CoefficientSECoefficientSE
Prior attainment scores0.687(0.013)**0.533(0.016)**
“Junk food” at 3 years−0.027(0.014)*−0.065(0.019)**
“Health-conscious” at 3 years0.039(0.015)**−0.002(0.020)
“Traditional” at 3 years0.007(0.012)0.004(0.017)
“Junk food” at 4 years−0.017(0.014)0.036(0.020)
“Health-conscious” at 4 years0.001(0.017)0.014(0.023)
“Traditional” at 4 years−0.002(0.014)−0.039(0.019)*
“Junk food” at 7 years0.000(0.014)−0.005(0.019)
“Health-conscious” at 7 years0.004(0.015)−0.022(0.022)
“Traditional” at 7 years−0.012(0.013)0.018(0.018)
Child variables includedYesYes
Mother variables includedYesYes
Child–mother processes includedYesYes
Observations42444098
  • Robust and cluster t statistics in parentheses.

  • *Significant at 5%; **significant at 1%.

  • †National tests, Key Stage 1 (KS1) taken at ages 6–7 and Key Stage 2 (KS2) at ages 10–11.