Table 1 Odds ratios of eating recommended fruit and vegetables (95% confidence intervals) and random variance estimates predicted from access to supermarkets and food shops
Stage 1*Stage 2†Stage 3‡Stage 4§
BaselineIndividual SESNZDepUrban/rural
Recommended fruit
Access to supermarketsModel 1Model 2Model 3Model 4
Best (0.06–1.89 minutes)0.93 (0.81 to 1.07)0.95 (0.83 to 1.09)1.02 (0.89 to 1.17)1.06 (0.89 to 1.27)
Better (1.89–3.22 minutes)0.96 (0.84 to 1.10)0.97 (0.85 to 1.11)1.02 (0.89 to 1.17)1.05 (0.88 to 1.25)
Worse (3.23–6.54 minutes)1.03 (0.90 to 1.18)1.02 (0.89 to 1.17)1.05 (0.92 to 1.21)1.08 (0.91 to 1.29)
Worst (6.54+ minutes)1111
Level 2 variance (SE)0.18 (0.02)0.17 (0.02)0.16 (0.02)0.16 (0.02)
Access to convenience storesModel 5Model 6Model 7Model 8
Best (0.05–0.98 minutes)0.88 (0.77 to 1.01)0.90 (0.78 to 1.03)0.96 (0.83 to 1.11)0.92 (0.77 to 1.10)
Better (0.98–1.65 minutes)0.83 (0.72 to 0.95)0.84 (0.73 to 0.97)0.89 (0.77 to 1.02)0.85 (0.72 to 1.02)
Worse (1.65–3.89 minutes)0.95 (0.83 to 1.09)0.96 (0.84 to 1.10)0.98 (0.85 to 1.12)0.95 (0.80 to 1.12)
Worst (3.89+ minutes)1111
Level 2 variance (SE)0.17 (0.02)0.16 (0.02)0.16 (0.02)0.16 (0.02)
Recommended vegetables
Access to supermarketsModel 9Model 10Model 11Model 12
Best (0.06–1.89 minutes)0.88 (0.73 to 1.05)0.89 (0.74 to 1.06)0.93 (0.77 to 1.11)0.99 (0.79 to 1.24)
Better (1.89–3.22 minutes)0.85 (0.71 to 1.01)0.86 (0.72 to 1.02)0.88 (0.74 to 1.05)0.99 (0.79 to 1.23)
Worse (3.23–6.54 minutes)0.95 (0.80 to 1.13)0.95 (0.80 to 1.13)0.97 (0.81 to 1.16)1.10 (0.89 to 1.37)
Worst (6.54+ minutes)1111
Level 2 variance (SE)0.41 (0.04)0.41 (0.04)0.40 (0.04)0.37 (0.04)
Access to convenience storesModel 13Model 14Model 15Model 16
Best (0.05–0.98 minutes)0.69 (0.58 to 0.82)0.70 (0.58 to 0.83)0.71 (0.59 to 0.85)0.75 (0.60 to 0.93)
Better (0.98–1.65 minutes)0.75 (0.63 to 0.90)0.76 (0.63 to 0.91)0.77 (0.64 to 0.92)0.80 (0.64 to 0.99)
Worse (1.65–3.89 minutes)0.87 (0.73 to 1.04)0.87 (0.73 to 1.04)0.88 (0.74 to 1.05)0.89 (0.72 to 1.10)
Worst (3.89+ minutes)1111
Level 2 variance (SE)0.41 (0.04)0.40 (0.04)0.40 (0.04)0.38 (0.04)
  • *Models include individual-level design, sex and age variables.

  • †Individual-level socioeconomic variables (education, social class, benefits receipts employment status and household income) included in models containing design, sex and age variables.

  • ‡Neighbourhood-level deprivation included in models containing individual-level design, sex, age and socioeconomic variables.

  • §Neighbourhood-level urban area classification included in models containing neighbourhood-level deprivation and individual-level design, sex, age and socioeconomic variables.