Table 3 Bivariate associations between predictor variables and elevated symptoms of anxiety, depression, distress and post-traumatic stress (n = 902)
High anxiety symptoms (%)*High depression symptoms (%)†Distress (%)‡PTS (%)¶
BMI ⩾18.537.931.834.915.8
BMI <18.548.543.146.524.6
    p value§0.0017<0.001<0.0010.0012
High goods40.932.437.416.6
Low goods43.240.441.622.1
    p value§0.490.0120.200.037
High livestock46.139.745.720.7
Low livestock40.634.937.218.7
    p value§
High ladder36.530.532.415
Low ladder49.243.648.524.6
    p value§<0.001<0.001<0.001<0.001
Food secure33.627.630.914.9
Food insecure58.552.955.927.6
    p value§<0.001<0.001<0.001<0.001
Low trauma exposure33.526.530.39.0
High trauma exposure55.651.653.935.5
    p value§<0.001<0.001<0.001<0.001
  • *Assessed as mean score of items 1–10 on the HSCL ⩾1.75.

  • †Assessed as mean score of items 11–25 on the HSCL ⩾1.75.

  • ‡Assessed as mean score on the HSCL ⩾1.75.

  • ¶Assessed as mean score on the HTQ ⩾2.0.

  • §χ2 test.

  • BMI, body mass index; PTS, post-traumatic stress.