Table 3 Health improvement by socio-demographic group in NDC and comparator areas
Psychological well-beingSelf-rated healthNew long-term limiting illness
Mean (SE) change†Mean (SE) change†OR (95%CI)
NDCComparatorp‡NDCComparatorp‡NDCComparatorp‡
Overall0.52 (0.31)1.08 (1.03)ns0.00 (0.01)0.05 (0.03)nsOR comparator as referencens
Sex1.31 (0.92,1.88)
    M00ns00ns1.001ns
    F0.4 (0.5)0.2 (1.23)−0.02 (0.02)0.02 (0.04)1.17 (0.95,1.45)1.90 (0.90,4.01)
Age
    per 10 year increase0.1 (0.1)−0.3 (0.4)ns0.00 (0.01)−0.03 (0.01)*<0.011.52 (1.38,1.68)*1.42 (1.21,1.66)*ns
Ethnic group adjusted for age
    White00ns00ns1.001.00ns
    S Asian0.33 (1.08)−1.8 (2.8)−0.03 (0.04)2.01 (0.54,7.56)1.28 (0.95,1.72)0.64 (0.15,2.64)
    Black−1.9 (0.7)*1.5 (3.3)0.02 (0.03)1.10 (0.20,6.02)0.77 (0.56,1.06)0.13 (0.02,0.70)*
    Other0.1 (1.5)N/A−0.01 (0.07)N/A1.65 (0.78,3.47)N/A
Educational group adjusted for age
    None00ns00ns1.001.00Ns
    NVQ1–20.5 (0.6)1.4 (2.3)0.01 (0.02)0.55 (0.23,1.32)0.72 (0.54,0.96)*0.89 (0.36,2.19)
    NVQ3–50.03 (0.6)−0.1 (2.2)0.01 (0.03)1.48 (0.57,3.87)0.57 (0.44,0.74)*0.36 (0.12,1.08)
Physical activityFruit and veg consumptionQuitting smoking
Mean (SE) change†Mean (SE) change†OR (95%CI)
NDCComparatorp‡NDCComparatorp‡NDCComparatorp‡
Overall−0.03 (0.02)0.02 (0.06)ns0.04 (0.04)0.01 (0.09)nsOR comparator as referencens
Sex1.02 (0.68,1.53)
    M00ns00ns1.001.00ns
    F0.05 (0.03)0.21(0.09)*−0.01 (0.05)0.09 (0.13)0.87 (0.72,1.05)0.60 (0.34,1.05)
Age
    per 10 year increase0.01 (0.01)−0.05 (0.03)ns−0.01 (0.01)−0.02 (0.04)ns1.04 (0.93,1.13)1.13 (0.95,1.35)ns
Ethnic group adjusted for age
    White00ns00ns1.001.00ns
    S Asian0.05 (0.06)0.04 (0.20)0.04 (0.10)0.27 (0.30)2.52 (1.61,3.94)*2.01 (0.54,7.56)
    Black0.01 (0.06)−0.18 (0.13)0.06 (0.08)−0.06 (0.28)1.47 (0.96,2.25)1.10 (0.20,6.02)
    Other0.06 (0.13)N/A0.28 (0.19)N/A3.16 (1.61,6.19)*N/A
Educational group adjusted for age
    None00ns00ns1.001.00ns
    NVQ1–2−0.04 (0.05)−0.11 (0.14)0.05 (0.06)0.06 (0.17)1.14 (0.86,1.50)0.55 (0.23,1.32)
    NVQ3–5−0.04 (0.05)0.00 (0.14)0.05 (0.08)0.05 (0.17)1.49 (1.14,1.95)1.48 (0.57,3.87)
  • †Positive values indicate improvement.

  • ‡Test for NDC effect by socio-demographic group (ie test for interaction between NDC indicator and socio-demographic group).

  • *p<0.05.