Table 3 Adjusted odds ratios (ORs) (95% confidence intervals) for reporting fair or poor health by occupation and relative index of inequality (RII) in income by gender or by age group before* and after* the economic recession; CSLC, Japan
BeforeAfterp for temporal changeBeforeAfterp for temporal change
MaleFemale
Occupation
    Managerial/administrative1.001.001.001.00
    Professional1.08 (0.94 to 1.24)1.12 (0.97 to 1.28)0.530.98 (0.76 to 1.27)1.27 (0.94 to 1.71)0.10
    Clerical/sales/service1.00 (0.89 to 1.13)1.16 (1.02 to 1.32)0.040.91 (0.71 to 1.16)1.09 (0.82 to 1.46)0.23
    Manual1.06 (0.94 to 1.19)1.12 (0.99 to 1.28)0.310.87 (0.68 to 1.12)0.99 (0.74 to 1.32)0.51
    Other paid job1.16 (0.85 to 1.59)1.07 (0.81 to 1.43)0.900.99 (0.70 to 1.39)1.39 (0.98 to 1.98)0.13
    Homemaker–†3.94 (1.87 to 8.30)–†1.17 (0.92 to 1.49)1.40 (1.05 to 1.86)0.28
    Unemployed2.87 (2.48 to 3.32)2.18 (1.85 to 2.58)0.261.62 (1.26 to 2.09)1.87 (1.37 to 2.54)0.27
Income
    Lowest/highest decile1.66 (1.47 to 1.87)1.48 (1.28 to 1.73)1.52 (1.37 to 1.69)1.39 (1.21 to 1.59)
    p trend<0.001<0.0010.22<0.001<0.0010.12
    RII1.36 (1.27 to 1.47)1.28 (1.17 to 1.41)0.321.32 (1.23 to 1.41)1.22 (1.12 to 1.33)0.68
Age 20–39 yearsAge 40–60 years
Occupation
    Managerial/administrative1.001.001.001.00
    Professional0.85 (0.67 to 1.08)1.16 (0.85 to 1.59)0.091.11 (0.96 to 1.28)1.14 (0.99 to 1.32)0.75
    Clerical/sales/service0.83 (0.66 to 1.05)1.09 (0.80 to 1.48)0.111.03 (0.91 to 1.17)1.14 (1.00 to 1.29)0.24
    Manual0.80 (0.63 to 1.01)0.99 (0.72 to 1.36)0.251.09 (0.96 to 1.23)1.12 (0.98 to 1.27)0.73
    Other paid job0.90 (0.62 to 1.32)0.97 (0.63 to 1.50)0.691.19 (0.92 to 1.55)1.40 (1.11 to 1.76)0.28
    Homemaker0.83 (0.65 to 1.05)1.08 (0.79 to 1.48)0.091.56 (1.37 to 1.77)1.57 (1.37 to 1.81)0.89
    Unemployed1.24 (0.96 to 1.59)1.63 (1.17 to 2.25)0.093.19 (2.76 to 3.69)2.60 (2.20 to 3.08)0.08
Income
    Lowest/highest decile1.65 (1.41 to 1.93)1.44 (1.18 to 1.75)1.53 (1.38 to 1.69)1.40 (1.23 to 1.58)
    p trend<0.001<0.0010.41<0.001<0.0010.01
    RII1.25 (1.15 to 1.35)1.42 (1.24 to 1.63)0.101.32 (1.24 to 1.40)1.20 (1.11 to 1.29)0.05
  • *Before: pooled data from 1986 and 1989; after: pooled data from 1998 and 2001.

  • †The dummy variable was excluded because of no subjects in this category. Models were adjusted for marital status, survey year, either gender or age and either occupation or income.