Table 1 Top 20 destination countries for international migrants
Country or area of destinationNumber of migrants (millions) 2005As percentage of total international migrant population 2005Percentage of female migrants among all international migrants 2005HDI-177#HDI∗GDI-136#GDI†GEM-75#GEM‡GGI-115#GGI§
1 United States38.420.250.280.94880.946120.808220.704
2 Russian Federation12.16.457.8650.797500.795620.482490.677
3 Germany10.15.348.3210.932210.92890.81650.752
4 Ukraine6.83.657.8770.774620.771630.455470.680
5 France6.53.451.6160.942140.940700.652
6 Saudi Arabia6.43.330.1760.777720.744740.2421140.524
7 Canada6.
8 India5.73.047.41260.611960.591980.601
9 United Kingdom5.42.854.3180.940160.938160.75590.736
10 Spain4.82.547.4190.938190.933150.776110.732
11 Australia4.12.251.630.95730.95680.833150.716
12 Pakistan3.31.744.81340.5391050.513660.3771120.543
13 United Arab Emirates3.21.727.8490.839430.829700.3531010.592
14 Hong Kong, SAR China3.01.654.0220.927
15 Israel2.71.455.9230.927220.925230.656
16 Italy2.51.355.8170.940180.934240.653770.646
17 Kazakhstan2.51.357.8790.774610.772310.693
18 Côte d’Ivoire2.41.245.11640.4211250.401
19 Jordan2.21.249.1860.760690.747930.611
20 Japan2.01.153.870.949130.942420.557790.645
Partial total130.268.452.5
  • Relative importance and feminisation of migrant population in 2005, and some indicators of development in 2004 and 2006. To be incorporated in the title.

  • ∗HDI, human development index (a combined index measuring mean advances in human development in the following three basic dimensions of development: (1) life expectancy at birth; (2) education; and (3) income). Both genders considered. Norway ranks first, with a score of 0.965, and Niger, 177th, with a score of 0.311. See (a) for calculation.

  • †GDI, gender development index (same three dimensions as HDI, but adjusts mean human development to reflect inequalities between men and women). Norway ranks first, with a score of 0.962, and Niger, 136th, with a score of 0.292. See (a) for calculation.

  • ‡GEM, gender empowerment measure (a measure of gender inequalities in the following three dimensions: (1) political participation and decision making power; (2) economic participation and decision making power; and (3) control over economic resources, measured according to estimated income received by men and women). Norway ranks first, with a score of 0.932, and Yemen, 75th, with a score of 0.128. See (a) for calculation.

  • §GGI, gender gap index (a measure of the following four critical areas of inequality between men and women: (1) economic participation and opportunity—outcomes on salaries, participation levels and access to high skilled employment; (2) educational attainment—outcomes on access to basic and higher level education; (3) political empowerment—outcomes on representation in decision making structures; (4) health and survival—outcomes on life expectancy and sex ratio). Sweden ranks first, with a score of 0.8133, and Yemen, 115th, with a score of 0.4595. See (b) for calculation.

  • — _ data not available.

  • #The number appearing after the index or measurement shown in column head (that is, HDI-177) refers to the number of countries included in calculating the corresponding value. The number for each country in the corresponding column (that is, 7 for HDI of Japan) represents the ranking order of this country (Japan is seventh of all 177 countries considered from best to worst). All indices should be read in the following way: 1 (best value or equality) to 0 (worst value or inequality).

  • Sources: Trends in Total Migrant Stock: The 2005 Revision. February 2006.

  • (a) UNDP Report on Human Development 2006 (

  • (b) The global gender gap report 2006. World Economic Forum, December 2006;