Table 1

 Demographics, socioeconomic characteristics, established risk factors of coronary heart disease and other psychosocial factors by levels of unfairness in the Whitehall II Study

Levels of unfairness
Total (n = 8298)Null (n = 4330)Low (n = 1293)Moderate (n = 1858)High (n = 817)p Value for trend
Gender<0.001
    Male572672.768.164.960.3
    Female257227.331.935.139.7
Mean age (years)829849.8649.2449.2649.990.275
Employment grade<0.001
    Administrative316446.833.928.621.2
    Professional373641.348.750.447.1
    Clerical139011.917.421.131.7
High serum cholesterol0.460
    No332142.442.942.340.3
    Yes453857.657.157.759.7
Hypertension0.017
    No765292.792.692.689.2
    Yes6387.37.47.410.8
Obesity<0.001
    No713491.789.889.387.1
    Yes7578.310.210.712.9
Exercise<0.001
    Mild313535.239.838.945.8
    Moderate365246.042.542.439.7
    Vigorous151118.817.718.814.6
Smoking0.001
    No715287.286.385.283.3
    Yes114212.813.714.816.7
Alcohol consumption<0.001
    Moderate600175.171.870.563.2
    Abstinent161716.120.422.329.8
    Heavy6738.87.87.27.0
Job strain<0.001
    Low232638.422.824.622.0
    Medium255635.336.132.729.1
    High258726.341.142.748.9
Effort–reward imbalance<0.001
    Low240636.629.329.024.9
    Medium238033.433.630.527.7
    High260430.037.140.447.4
Organisational justice<0.001
    High250849.635.024.720.6
    Medium201831.230.734.324.5
    Low194019.234.241.054.8