Table 2

 Effect of changing intake of different dietary fats and dietary cholesterol on serum cholesterol

Change in HDL (mmol/l)Change in LDL (mmol/l)Total cholesterol
From Clarke et al,6 1997.
HDL, high-density lipoprotein, LDL, low-density lipoprotein.
1% increase in energy derived from saturated fat0.0130.0360.052
1% increase in energy derived from monounsaturated fat–0.0080.0060.005
1% increase in energy derived from polyunsaturated fat–0.0220.005–0.026
1 mg increase in cholesterol per day0.00050.00010.0007