Table 2

 Odds ratios (and 95% confidence intervals) of smoking by neighbourhood socioeconomic environment and by education in men and women in the GLOBE study, the Netherlands, 1991

Model 1†Model 2
OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)
*Quartiles based on summed ranks of the percentage of participants per neighbourhood (a) with primary education (b) with the main breadwinner in the unskilled manual group, and (c) being unemployed per neighbourhood. †Model 1 includes age, sex, and the neighbourhood socioeconomic environment (above) or education (below); model 2 is additionally adjusted for education, occupation, and employment status or for occupation, employment status, and the neighbourhood socioeconomic environment. ‡Random neighbourhood variance in a model with age and sex only is 0.093 (SE 0.022) and random individual level variance is 0.987 (SE 0.015).
Neighbourhood socioeconomic environment*
1 (high)1.001.00
21.34 (1.12 to 1.59)1.15 (0.97 to 1.36)
31.59 (1.33 to 1.89)1.25 (1.05 to 1.48)
4 (low)1.68 (1.42 to 1.98)1.24 (1.05 to 1.46)
Random neighbourhood variance (SE)‡0.053 (0.017)0.036 (0.014)
Random individual level variance (SE)0.991 (0.015)0.993 (0.015)
Individual education
1 (high)1.001.00
21.59 (1.38 to 1.83)1.44 (1.24 to 1.67)
31.78 (1.56 to 2.03)1.55 (1.34 to 1.80)
4 (low)2.33 (2.02 to 2.70)1.96 (1.65 to 2.33)
Random neighbourhood variance (SE)0.062 (0.018)0.036 (0.014)
Random individual level variance (SE)0.991 (0.015)0.993 (0.015)