Table 2

 Distribution of scores related to frequency of media exposure

SexAge groupCurrently marriedAll
Male(%)Female(%)p Value (χ2 test)18–24(%)25–39(%)40–60(%)p Value (χ2 test)No(%)Yes(%)p Value (χ2 test)(%)
Reliability α values for (2) to (5) are 0.75, 0.90, 0.72, and 0.87 respectively, and the range of item were (2) 7 to 28, (3) 7 to 84, (4) 11 to 32, and (5) 11 to 96. *Frequency of exposing to mass media was estimated by recoding the variable as no  =  0, several times a day  =  0.3 times, 1–2 times  =  1.5 times, 3–5 times  =  4 times, 6–10 times  =  7 times, >10 times  =  10 times. †WVUS formed by summing up products of frequency of exposure and level of unrest of individual items related to distressful images (see table 1); WCUS formed similarly by summing up product of frequency of exposure and level of unrest of items related to distressful contents (for items see table 1).
(1) Frequency of exposing to the studied types of mass media (number of times per day)* 0.860.300.12
0–426.024.420.423.527.922.227.025.2
5–1040.142.041.939.042.138.942.141.1
>1033.933.737.637.630.038.930.933.8
Mean9.539.438.9410.149.1810.089.149.48
(SD)(6.60)(6.26)(4.45)(7.22)(6.33)(6.67)(6.27)(6.42)
(2) Distressful images exposure score (DIES) 0.540.490.47
Low (<25th centile) (⩽16)32.932.233.331.133.334.831.232.5
Medium (25th–75th centile)(17–20)47.644.749.549.142.846.245.946.1
High (>75th centile) (⩾21)19.523.217.219.823.919.022.821.4
Mean17.7918.1717.8017.9318.0917.6918.1617.99
(SD)(3.31)(3.45)(3.22)(3.20)(3.57)(3.33)(3.41)(3.39)
(3) Weighted visual unrest score (WVUS)† <0.001 0.04 0.009
Low (<25th centile) (⩽21)34.218.630.132.120.933.522.126.3
Medium (25th–75th centile)(22–40)53.152.653.848.655.548.455.352.8
High (>75th centile) (⩾41)12.728.816.119.323.618.122.620.9
Mean29.2135.1531.5631.0233.3830.8233.1032.25
(SD)(12.87)(13.98)(14.58)(13.23)(13.85)(14.20)(13.47)(13.76)
(4) Distressful content exposure score (DCES) 0.080.290.30
Low (<25th centile) (⩽18)29.821.929.024.525.328.124.125.7
Medium (25th–75th centile)(19–23)53.158.859.158.553.556.655.956.1
High (>75th centile) (⩾24)17.119.311.817.021.215.419.918.2
Mean20.4620.9220.1020.6020.9620.3420.9120.69
(SD)(3.54)(3.40)(3.09)(3.24)(3.72)(3.40)(3.50)(3.47)
(5) Weighted content unrest score (WCUS) <0.001 0.460.16
Low (<25th centile) (⩽27)32.618.426.927.823.129.922.825.3
Medium (25th–75th centile)(28–46)51.554.054.852.852.049.854.552.8
High (>75th centile) (⩾47)15.827.518.319.324.820.422.821.8
Mean34.9140.3036.6835.9839.2636.6938.2937.69
(SD)(14.10)(14.55)(14.55)(12.80)(15.64)(14.86)(14.41)(14.57)