Table 3

 Risk factors for suicide among male veterans in the National Health Interview Survey-National Death Index 1986–97

Adjusted HR (95% CI)§
*p<0.05. †p<0.01. ‡p<0.001.
§Model comparing suicide death to alive or other cause of death.
Age (years)
    18–441.00
    45–640.90 (0.31 to 2.65)
    ⩾651.46 (0.51 to 4.15)
Race/ethnicity
    White3.23 (1.75 to 5.88)‡
    Non-white1.00
Marital status
    Married1.00
    Widowed/divorced/separated0.58 (0.03 to 10.77)
    Never married0.72 (0.02 to 26.41)
Living arrangements
    With others1.00
    Alone3.48 (0.14 to 87.97)
Education (years)
    <121.00
    ⩾122.67 (1.38 to 5.17)†
Employment status
    Employed1.00
    Unemployed0.56 (0.10 to 3.10)
    Not in labour force1.03 (0.44 to 2.41)
Region of residence
    Northeast1.00
    Midwest1.02 (0.24 to 4.43)
    South2.02 (0.46 to 8.78)
    West1.87 (0.40 to 8.63)
Place of residence
    Rural1.00
    Urban0.44 (0.17 to 1.18)
Self-rated health
    Good1.00
    Poor0.54 (0.15 to 1.98)
Body mass index
    Underweight (0.0–19.9 kg/m2)2.44 (0.46 to 12.84)
    Normal weight (20.0–24.9 kg/m2)1.00
    Overweight (25.0–29.9 kg/m2)0.45 (0.22 to 0.92)*
    Obese (⩾30.0 kg/m2)0.41 (0.14 to 1.17)
Number of chronic non-psychiatric conditions1.08 (0.68 to 1.72)
Number of psychiatric conditions0.41 (0.14 to 1.26)
Activity limitations
    Not limited1.00
    Limited4.44 (1.33 to 14.80)*