Table 2

 Characteristics of male veteran and non-veteran suicide decedents in the National Health Interview Survey-National Death Index

Veteran suicide (n = 197)Non-veteran suicide (n = 311)p Value
N (%)§n (%)§
—, not applicable.
ICD-9, International classification of diseases, ninth revision, clinical modification.
*p<.05; †p<0.01; ‡p<0.001.
§Unweighted N and weighted percentage with bivariate logistic tests.
Age (years)
    18–4445 (22.38)230 (69.65)
    45–6476 (37.23)35 (11.72)
    ⩾6576 (40.39)46 (18.63)
Race/ethnicity
    White175 (95.53)248 (72.35)
    Non-white21 (4.47)60 (27.65)
Marital status
    Married139 (72.09)155 (50.86)
    Widowed/divorced/separated45 (18.73)40 (8.40)
    Never married13 (9.19)116 (40.74)*
Living arrangements
    With others152 (75.71)258 (88.12)
    Alone45 (24.29)53 (11.88)
Education (years)
    <1252 (12.30)91 (26.11)
    ⩾12145 (87.70)217 (73.89)*
Employment status
    Employed96 (52.92)214 (68.41)
    Unemployed6 (1.88)17 (6.28)
    Not in labour force95 (45.19)80 (25.31)
Region of residence
    Northeast26 (12.14)52 (11.46)
    Midwest42 (17.92)81 (33.14)
    South86 (42.63)107 (29.89)
    West43 (27.31)71 (25.51)
Place of residence
    Rural62 (43.43)90 (76.96)
    Urban135 (56.57)221 (23.04)
Self-rated health
    Good142 (90.92)269 (90.08)
    Poor24 (9.08)17 (9.92)
Body mass index
    Underweight (0.0–19.9 kg/m2)13 (8.70)27 (13.25)
    Normal weight (20.0–24.9 kg/m2)88 (51.77)135 (44.41)
    Overweight (25.0–29.9 kg/m2)71 (30.32)109 (31.33)
    Obese (⩾ 30.0 kg/m2)22 (9.21)27 (11.02)
Has at least one chronic non-psychiatric condition115 (68.53)137 (50.95)
Has at least one psychiatric condition7 (3.03)16 (1.61)
Activity limitations
    Not limited134 (45.99)238 (76.88)
    Limited63 (50.98)73 (23.12)*
Suicide method
    Firearm (ICD-9 E955.0–E955.4)152 (83.51)185 (55.11)
    Non-firearm (ICD-9 E950.0–E953.0 and E955.5–E959.0)45 (16.49)126 (44.89)
Military service era
    World War I1 (0.23)
    World War II88 (47.06)
    Korean conflict21 (5.29)
    Vietnam era43 (25.77)
    Post-Vietnam14 (7.53)
    Other service25 (14.12)