Table 3 Health behaviour and self-rated health by health literacy category (number with percentages in brackets)
Functional heath literacy
Adequate (n _ 637)Marginal (n _ 41)Inadequate (n _ 41)
Eating fruit and vegetables
    More than five a day302 (47.4)16 (39.0)12 (29.3)
    Less than five a day335 (52.6)25 (61.0)29 (70.7)
Any exercise in the last 7 days∗
    Yes233 (36.6)8 (19.5)9 (22.0)
    No403 (63.4)33 (80.5)32 (78.0)
Smoking status
    Yes189 (29.7)13 (32.5)12 (29.3)
    No448 (70.3)27 (67.5)29 (70.7)
Self-reported health
    Excellent to good529 (83.0)32 (78.0)21 (51.2)
    Fair to poor108 (17.0)9 (22.0)20 (48.8)
  • ∗Numbers do not add up to the total due to missing data.