Table 2 Predicting limitations in functional health literacy
Odds of limited health literacy (95% confidence interval)
Age1.04 (1.02 to 1.06)∗∗∗
Male2.04 (1.17 to 3.55)∗
Non-white ethnic background2.06 (0.07 to 7.80)
English not the first language3.33 (0.80 to 13.83)
Education
    A-level or university1.00
    GCSE or trade apprenticeship2.84 (1.16 to 6.97)∗
    No formal qualifications7.46 (3.36 to 16.58)∗∗∗
Annual personal income
    More than £20 0001.00
    £10 00–£19 9991.42 (0.42 to 4.75)
    £0 to £99994.02 (1.42 to 13.29)∗∗
    Don’t know or refused5.94 (1.87 to 18.89)∗∗
  • ∗∗∗p<0.001; ∗∗p <0.01; ∗p <0.05.