Table 1

 Age adjusted prevalence (%) of social adversities in childhood and distribution (%) of sociodemographic variables, social support variables, and health behaviour by gender and living arrangement, age group 30 to 64 years

VariableWomenMen
MarriedCohabitingLiving with other(s) than a partnerLiving aloneAllMarriedCohabitingLiving with other(s) than a partnerLiving aloneAll
Age
    30–4441625527423863534744
    45–5435273334343825323235
    55–6424111239242415152121
    p<0.001<0.001
Family structure in childhood
    Not living with both parents810101198107129
    p0.0916NS
Parental adversity
    ⩾1 adversity32383935342734193228
    p0.0926<0.001
Education
    High14111117141575812
    Medium59575456585958585458
    Low27323527282635373830
    p<0.01<0.001
Urbanisation
    Rural25231912222419322324
    Semi-urban44393837424444444444
    Urban31384351363237243332
    p<0.001<0.05
Unemployment
    Yes8121912105516188
    p<0.001<0.001
Having children
    No children725114917727515822
    p<0.001<0.001
Emotional help from others
    ⩾2 persons71674752655355313449
    ⩾1 person28315145334542645848
    no help1223223583
    p<0.001<0.001
Practical help from others
    ⩾2 persons67594752625849333351
    ⩾1 person31385244363946615644
    no help23142356115
    p<0.001<0.001
Social contacts
    Rare20242423223136403834
    pNS<0.05
Smoking
    Non-smoker65445259604033483439
    Former smoker20261515193434212331
    Current smoker15303326212633314330
    p<0.001<0.001
Alcohol consumption
    no alcohol30313331311410312216
    1–23 portions/week(1–15 in women)66626164657471545769
    ⩾24 portions/week(⩾16 in women)476541219152115
    pNS<0.001
Exercise
    No22262724232626272827
    pNSNS
    crude numbers (not weighted)n = 1517(62%)n = 317(13%)n = 225(9%)n = 401(16%)n = 2460(100%)n = 1399(63%)n = 310(14%)n = 139(6%)n = 377(17%)n = 2225(100%)