Table 1

 Main activities and funding of national ABI programmes in the UK since 1969

ABI programme (ordered by date)+estimated expenditureMain focus of programme
Urban Programme 1969–1980s about £274m/yearGrant based programme to deal with areas of special social need through supplementation of existing programmes covering economic, environmental, employment and social projects.
Urban Development Corporations (UDC) 1981–1998 £2120mProperty and economic regeneration to attract inward investment.
Estate Action 1985–1995 £1975mHousing led regeneration, addressing both improvements to physical aspects of housing as well as housing management.47
New Life for Urban Scotland (New Life) 1988–1998 £485mComprehensive multi-agency regeneration programme to improve housing, environment, service provision, training and employment for local people in four areas.48
Small Urban Renewal Initiatives (SURI) 1990–2003 £160m+Housing led regeneration to widen housing choice, improve quality of housing quality and the local environment, improve economic prospects and lever public and private funding.27
City Challenge 1992–1998 £1162.5mComprehensive multi-agency regeneration to improve quality of life of residents in run down areas.35
Single Regeneration Budget (SRB) 1995–2001 £5703m + £20301m from private sectorComprehensive multi-agency regeneration through initiatives on employment, training, economic growth, housing, crime, environment, ethnic minorities and quality of life (including health, sport, and cultural opportunities).32
Regeneration Partnerships (now known as Social Inclusion Partnerships (SIPs)) 1996 £52mCoordinated approach to tackle and prevent social exclusion and demonstrate innovative practices. Main activities focus on education and training, and initiatives to reduce poverty, crime, and promote employment, enterprise, empowerment, and health.34
New Deal for Communities (NDC) £2000m 1998–2008Neighbourhood based programme delivered through multi-agency partnerships. Aims: to reduce inequalities in crime, worklessness, education, housing, and health between the 39 target areas and the rest of England. Key characteristics of this programme are: long term commitment to deliver real change, communities in partnership with key agencies, community involvement and ownership, joined up thinking and solutions, and action based on evidence about “what works” and what doesn’t.49