Table 2

 Age adjusted prevalence (95% confidence interval)—in percentage—of risk factors for hypertension in Spanish people aged 60 years and older according to social class

Risk factors for hypertensionNumber of peopleSocial classp Value for trend*
Non-manual workersSkilled manual workersUnskilled manual workersLand owners and self employed farm workers
*p Value for departure from a linear trend <0.05.
Men
General obesity154132.830.332.826.40.507
(26.0,36.9)(29.1, 37.0)(25.6, 35.9)(19.9, 34.7)
Central obesity165445.748.349.348.00.365
(42.0,49.9)(41,4, 56,3)(42.3, 57.4)(40.2, 57.4)
Physical inactivity165031.835.041.043.10.008
(28.2,35.8)(29.9, 40.9)(34.2, 49.2)(35.5, 52.2)
Heavy alcohol intake165411.415.118.123.70.013
(9.1,14.3)(11.2, 20.2)(12.1, 24.5)(16.0, 35.2)
Heavy intake of cured meats165416.219.714.024.90.875
(13.5, 19.5)(15.5, 25.2)(9.8, 20.0)(18.3, 34.0)
Short stature165425.528.542.630.8<0.001*
(22.2,29.3)(23.9, 33.8)(35.6, 51.0)(24.4,38.9)
Low childhood social class162032.055.766.616.1<0.001
(28.4,36.1)(48.4, 64.0)(57.3, 77.3)(11.3, 22.8)
Women
General obesity181136.640.351.343.1<0.001
(33.1,40.5)(35.2, 46.3)(44.3, 59.5)(36.1, 51.5)
Central obesity200469.368.878.972.9<0.001*
(65.9,72.8)(64.3, 73.6)(73.6, 84.6)(66.8, 79.6)
Physical inactivity199248.350.155.249.10.036
(44.8,52.2)(45.2, 55.5)(49.2, 62.1)(42.9, 56.2)
Heavy alcohol intake20042.22.52.70.90.586
(1.3,3.6)(2.1, 2.9)(1.2, 6.2)(0.2, 3.6)
Heavy intake of cured meats200411.99.911.37.80.568
(10.7, 14.5)(7.3, 13.3)(7.8, 16.2)(4.9, 12.4)
Short stature200330.333.134.229.80.061
(27.1,33.9)(30.1, 40.0)(29.0, 40.8)(24.6, 36.2)
Low childhood social class195235.148.758.816.9<0.001
(31.7,38.9)(43.0, 55.1)(51.7, 67.0)(12.7, 22.5)