Table 1

 Demographic characteristics of the 19 273 participants after downsizing. Figures are percentages unless otherwise stated

Number of participants (%)Extent of downsizingDisability pension*
No n = 6839Minor n = 8370Major n = 4038Number of cases (%)n = 223HR95% CI
The extent of downsizing is the percentage reduction in personnel from 1991 to 1993. Reductions in personnel was less than 8% for participants with no downsizing, 8%–18% for participants with minor downsizing, and over 18% for participants with major downsizing. *Hazard ratios adjusted for sex and age in five year categories when appropriate.
Sex
    Women14230 (74)757080155 (70)1.00
    Men5043 (26)25302068 (30)1.290.97 to 1.71
Age group (y)
    18–397123 (37)34384029 (13)1.00
    40–444001 (21)21212031 (14)1.921.16 to 3.18
    45–504698 (24)26242289 (40)4.763.13 to 7.25
    50–543451 (18)19171874 (33)10.576.83 to 16.35
Occupational status
    Higher grade non-manual6813 (35)58222560 (27)1.00
    Lower grade non-manual7994 (42)34474482 (37)1.280.92 to 1.79
    Manual4440 (23)8313181 (36)2.231.59 to 3.12
Level of education
    Tertiary8185 (42)66332261 (27)1.00
    Primary or secondary11088 (58)346778162 (73)2.171.61 to 2.92
Type of employment contract
    Permanent17327 (90)899386207 (93)1.00
    Non-permanent1946 (10)1171416 (7)0.930.56 to 1.56
Town
    Espoo6254 (33)38351768 (31)1.00
    Raisio826 (4)2565 (2)0.550.22 to 1.35
    Turku6170 (32)21383891 (41)1.290.94 to 1.76
    Vantaa6023 (31)38223859 (26)0.890.63 to 1.26