Table 5

 Sex specific hazard ratios for all cause mortality according to neighbourhood unemployment before and after adjustment for individual socioeconomic indicators

MenWomen
Hazard ratio (95% CI)Hazard ratio (95% CI)
Model 1*Model 2Model 1*Model 2
*Model 1: adjusted for age, model 2: additionally adjusted for education and occupation. †Percentage reduction calculated as 100×((RRmodel A−RRmodel B)/(RRmodel A−1)) in the quartiles of most unemployment.
ARIC
1 (least unemployment)1.001.001.001.00
21.11 (0.88 to 1.41)1.08 (0.85 to 1.38)1.41 (0.99 to 2.01)1.40 (1.00 to 1.97)
31.36 (1.08 to 1.71)1.29 (1.03 to 1.61)1.44 (1.05 to 1.97)1.38 (1.01 to 1.88)
4 (most unemployment)1.32 (1.04 to 1.68)1.21 (0.96 to 1.53)1.75 (1.28 to 2.40)1.63 (1.20 to 2.22)
Percentage reduction in hazard ratio†3416
GLOBE
1 (least unemployment)1.001.001.001.00
21.22 (0.97 to 1.55)1.12 (0.89 to 1.41)1.23 (0.86 to 1.77)1.13 (0.80 to 1.61)
31.22 (0.91 to 1.54)1.11 (0.84 to 1.47)1.36 (0.91 to 2.02)1.26 (0.85 to 1.87)
4 (most unemployment)1.67 (1.25 to 2.22)1.46 (1.09 to 1.95)1.33 (0.83 to 2.13)1.19 (0.77 to 1.85)
Percentage reduction in hazard ratio3142
Whitehall II
1 (least unemployment)1.001.001.001.00
21.17 (0.83 to 1.65)1.05 (0.71 to 1.56)0.92 (0.46 to 1.86)1.10 (0.50 to 2.43)
31.40 (1.00 to 1.98)1.21 (0.83 to 1.76)0.77 (0.44 to 1.50)0.78 (0.36 to 1.66)
4 (most unemployment)1.70 (1.22 to 2.36)1.19 (0.79 to 1.78)1.39 (0.78 to 2.46)1.26 (0.64 to 2.46)
Percentage reduction in hazard ratio7333
Helsinki
1 (least unemployment)1.001.00
21.21 (1.08 to 1.35)1.14 (1.03 to 1.25)
31.34 (1.20 to 1.50)1.22 (1.11 to 1.34)
4 (most unemployment)1.67 (1.50 to 1.86)1.41 (1.28 to 1.55)
Percentage reduction in hazard ratio39
Turin
1 (least unemployment)1.001.001.001.00
21.09 (1.03 to 1.16)1.02 (0.96 to 1.09)1.06 (0.95 to 1.13)1.04 (0.97 to 1.10)
31.20 (1.14 to 1.27)1.10 (1.02 to 1.18)1.14 (1.07 to 1.21)1.11 (1.04 to 1.18)
4 (most unemployment)1.28 (1.23 to 1.35)1.14 (1.07 to 1.21)1.16 (1.09 to 1.24)1.12 (1.05 to 1.20)
Percentage reduction in hazard ratio5025
Madrid
1 Least unemployment1.001.001.001.00
21.16 (1.00 to 1.32)1.08 (0.98 to 1.19)1.12 (0.98 to 1.26)1.08 (0.98 to 1.18)
31.25 (1.07 to 1.45)1.10 (0.99 to 1.21)1.16 (1.02 to 1.30)1.09 (0.99 to 1.20)
4 Most unemployment1.52 (1.30 to 1.77)1.28 (1.16 to 1.41)1.35 (1.20 to 1.52)1.24 (1.13 to 1.36)
Percentage reduction in hazard ratio4631