Table 4

 Multivariate regression: association between maternal social capital and child wellbeing in 8 year olds (n = 951)

Nutrition†—linear regressionPhysical health—logistic regressionLogistic regression
Weight for age z scoreHeight for age z scoreIllness in past two weeksLife threatening in past three yearsPhysical healthMental health
Long term health problemProbable case of mental illness
CrudeAdjusted‡CrudeAdjusted‡CrudeAdjusted‡CrudeAdjusted‡CrudeAdjusted‡CrudeAdjusted‡
*p⩽0.05, **p⩽0.01, ***p⩽0.001. ‡Adjusted for: maternal characteristics: age, education level, length of living in commune, ethnic group, occupation, mental health status; household characteristics: wealth index, shock events past three years; community characteristics: rural/urban; child characteristics: sex, age. †N = 1946 as seven missing values for anthropometric data.
Structural
Group membership
    None0.000.000.000.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.00
    Any formal groups−0.04 (−0.16, 0.07)−0.07 (−0.19, 0.04)−0.10 (−0.24, 0.03)−0.17** (−0.29, −0.03)1.0 (0.73, 1.33)1.14 (0.82, 1.58)1.05 (0.67, 1.65)1.33 (0.82, 2.16)0.98 (0.65, 1.48)1.00 (0.65, 1.54)1.19 (0.84, 1.68)1.37 (0.95, 2.0)
    Any informal groups0.19 (−0.06, 0.45)−0.11 (−0.13, 0.36)0.17 (−0.10, 0.44)0.04 (−0.23, 0.30)0.86 (0.73, 1.37)0.80 (0.45, 1.40)1.24 (0.57, 2.69)1.48 (0.65, 3.35)2.0* (1.07, 3.74)1.88 (0.95, 3.70)1.56 (0.88, 2.79)1.28 (0.68, 2.10)
Social support received from
    None0.000.000.000.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.00
    Any formal networks0.01 (−0.29, 0.31)−0.12 (−0.42, 0.18)0.04 (−0.32, 0.40)−0.09 (−0.46, 0.27)1.53 (0.64, 3.63)1.62 (0.67, 3.95)0.70 (0.25, 1.95)0.71 (0.25, 2.0)0.87 (0.34, 2.26)0.83 (0.31, 2.19)0.55 (0.24, 1.24)0.34* (0.15, 0.80)
    Any informal networks−0.001 (−0.29, 0.29)−0.08 (−0.38, 0.21)0.08 (−0.27, 0.44)−0.008 (−0.37, 0.35)1.75 (0.75, 4.07)1.77 (0.74, 4.12)0.64 (0.24, 1.75)0.59 (0.22, 1.58)0.82 (0.33, 2.08)0.77 (0.30, 1.84)0.61 (0.28, 1.35)0.40* (0.18, 0.89)
Citizenship activities
    None0.000.000.000.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.00
    Some0.03 (−0.08, 0.14)−0.02 (−0.13, 0.09)−0.05 (−0.17, 0.08)0.001 (−0.12, 0.12)1.23 (0.92, 1.64)1.36 (1.0, 1.86)1.23 (0.80, 1.90)1.22 (0.79, 1.90)0.82 (0.56, 1.21)0.76 (0.50, 1.15)0.69* (0.49, 0.96)0.64* (0.44, 0.92)
Cognitive
    Low (<3 yes)0.000.000.000.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.00
    Medium ( = 3 yes)0.11 (−0.15, 0.37)0.15 (−0.10, 0.39)0.11 (−0.18, 0.40)0.14 (−0.13, 0.41)0.83 (0.43, 1.60)0.99 (0.49, 1.98)0.18*** (0.07, 0.47)0.18*** (0.07, 0.47)0.54 (0.24, 1.22)0.55 (0.23, 1.28)0.86 (0.43, 1.73)1.15 (0.54, 2.42)
    High ( = 4 yes)0.10 (−0.11, 0.32)0.09 (−0.12, 0.30)0.12 (−0.11, 0.36)0.07 (−0.15, 0.29)0.48** (0.27, 0.83)0.58 (0.32, 1.06)0.30*** (0.15, 0.59)0.32*** (0.16, 0.64)0.44* (0.23, 0.86)0.50 (0.24, 1.00)0.39* (0.22, 0.72)0.45* (0.24, 0.85)