Table 2

 Individual components of maternal social capital by child age group

Mothers of 1 year oldsMothers of 8 year oldsSignificance
(n = 1953) (%)(n = 954) (%)
†Cognitive social capital variables coded 0 for low (that is, no trust) and 1 for high cognitive social capital. Variables added together to create continuous score that was categorised into low, medium, and high levels of cognitive social capital. *p⩽0.05, **p⩽0.01, ***p⩽0.001 based on Pearson’s χ2 test.
Structural social capital
Group membership
In past year, been an active member of formal group
    Prof/trade union710*
    Coop56
    Women’s union1731***
    Political/social group12
In past year, been an active member of informal group
    Religious group12
    Credit/life insurance group67
    Sports group0.30
Composite variable
    None7359**
    Any formal groups2337***
    Any informal groups78***
Social support
Received support in the past year from formal networks
    Commune leaders1517
    Politicians0.10
    Government officials56
    Non-government/charity officials69*
    Other source712***
Received support in the past year from informal networks
    Family/relatives9491**
    Neighbours7781*
    Friends (not neighbours)7174
    Religious leaders12
Composite variable
    None3.43.6
    Any formal networks3242***
    Any informal networks9694**
Citizenship activities
Joined with other households to address a problem3050***
Talked with commune leaders about a problem in the community48***
Composite variable
    None6949
    Some (either joined together or contacted leaders)3151**
Cognitive social capital
In general, most people in commune can be trusted8387**
Most people in commune get along well9194*
Feel part of the commune9899**
Feel people would take advantage if they got the change97
Composite variable†
    Low (<3 yes)106**
    Medium ( = 3 yes)1413
    High ( = 4 yes)7681**