Table 4

 Odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) of reporting fair to very bad health by neighbourhood attributes

Independent variablesTertileUnadjusted odds ratioOdds ratio adjusted for sex, age, social, class, and economic activity
*The reference for each scale is that which was hypothesised as the most “advantageous” context in which to live for health—that is, the highest physical quality of the residential environment, lowest crime, etc. †A linear association between social class and reporting of fair to very bad self rated health was found and so social class was modelled as a continuous variable ranging from 1 (most advantaged) to 6 (least advantaged).
Neighbourhood attributes*
Physical quality of residentialHigh11
environmentMed1.23 (1.05 to 1.44)1.20 (1.04 to 1.38)
Low1.28 (1.09 to 1.49)1.20 (1.05 to 1.38)
Public recreationHigh11
Med1.02 (0.86 to 1.19)0.97 (0.79 to 1.20)
Low0.99 (0.85 to 1.15)0.94 (0.77 to 1.16)
CrimeLow11
Med1.01 (0.88 to 1.21)1.06 (0.93 to 1.20)
High0.93 (0.80 to 1.08)1.01 (0.86 to 1.20)
Access to multiple ownedHigh11
food shopsMed1.15 (0.98 to 1.33)1.08 (0.93 to 1.27)
Low1.14 (0.99 to 1.29)1.08 (0.94 to 1.23)
Access to banks and buildingHigh11
societiesMed0.89 (0.76 to 1.04)0.88 (0.76 to 1.02)
Low1.09 (0.93 to 1.28)1.07 (0.93 to 1.25)
Health servicesHigh11
Med1.03 (0.88 to 1.21)0.93 (0.70 to 1.09)
Low1.05 (0.88 to 1.25)1.01 (0.86 to 1.20)
Left wing political climateLow11
High1.32 (1.16 to 1.52)1.29 (1.11 to 1.53)
Political engagementHigh11
Med1.30 (1.11 to 1.52)1.22 (1.06 to 1.39)
Low1.52 (1.30 to 1.79)1.26 (1.10 to 1.45)
UnemploymentLow11
Med1.36 (1.18 to 1.56)1.24 (1.08 to 1.42)
High1.43 (1.23 to 1.66)1.27 (1.10 to 1.47)
Access to private transportHigh11
Med1.25 (1.09 to 1.43)1.16 (1.00 to 1.37)
Low1.56 (1.32 to 1.75)1.33 (1.11 to 1.59)
Transport wealthHigh11
Med1.23 (1.08 to 1.43)1.12 (0.99 to 1.28)
Low1.47 (1.25 to 1.72)1.26 (1.07 to 1.47)
Female0.98 (0.89 to 1.09)
Age (per one year over age 16)1.03 (1.02 to 1.03)
Social class (per one class increase)†1.29 (1.25 to 1.33)
Economic activity
Unemployed2.44 (2.01 to 2.96)
Retired1.82 (1.57 to 2.11)
Other economic activity, inactive men8.55 (7.01 to 10.30)
Other economic activity, inactive women2.78 (2.04 to 3.79)