Table 2

 Causes of morbidity in children (1 month–12 years) (total number = 12000)

Disease systemDisease condition*Number of cases%
*Most (but not all) of the cases have been mentioned here. †C, commonly encountered disease condition; ‡other diseases in that group.
CNS†C—cerebral palsy, seizures, stroke, hydrocephalus, neural tube defect, Sydenham’s chorea8488
‡O—migraine, neurodegenerative disorders, neurocutaneous syndromes, muscular dystrophy, myasthenia gravis, Guillane Barre syndrome106
Urinary systemC—nephrotic syndrome, glomerulonephritis, urinary tract infection, urolithiasis4074
O—renal failure, obstructive uropathy, renal tubular acidosis92
Genitourinary tractC—diarrhoea, constipation193618
O—peptic ulcer, chronic inflammatory bowel disorder, appendicitis, intestinal obstruction124
LiverC—viral hepatitis, portal hypertension, drug induced hepatitis3063
O—hepatic abscess, hepatic failure, hydatid cyst liver, cholestatic jaundice in infancy28
Cardiovascular systemC—acyanotic CHD (VSD, ASD, PDA, AS, PS), cyanotic CHD (TOF, Eisenmenger syndrome, tricuspid atresia), RHD and Rheumatic carditis, CHF, myocarditis, pericarditis153214
O—infective endocarditis, hypertension, arrythmias, congenital heart defects (dextrocardia, ectopia cordis)141
Respiratory systemC—acute respiratory infection, bronchial asthma, pleural effusion, lung abscess232020
O—hydatid cyst lung, pneumothorax, cystic fibrosis56
Endocrine systemC—hypothyroidism2122
O—diabetes mellitus (type 1), diabetes insipidus, precocious puberty28
Haematological systemC—anaaemias (nutritional, thalassemias, aplastic), idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura5865
O—haemophilia, leukaemia, lymphoma (Hodgkin’s and non-Hodgkin’s)48
Infectious diseasesC—CNS infection, septicaemia, enteric fever, tuberculosis, acute rheumatic fever, chicken pox, cutaneous leishmaniasis, malaria152615
O—brucellosis, mumps, measles, diphtheria, rabies, tetanus, Kalazar208
Nutritional disordersC—protein malnutrition, rickets278624
O—scurvy, iodine deficiency goitre42
Genetic and metabolic disorderC—Down’s syndrome2242
O – storage disorders(glycogen/lipid)39
Collagen vascular and skeletal disordersC—rheumatoid arthritis, septic arthritis961
O—congenital bony defects (CTEV, congenital dislocation of hip), Henoch schonlein purpura18
Psychological disordersC—post-traumatic stress disorders, behavioural disorders3834
O—ADHD, sepression65
Eye, ENT, and skin disordersC—scabies, atopic and seborrheic dermatitis, ASOM, congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction, superficial fungal infection, tonsillitis3463
O—Steven’s Johnson syndrome6
MiscellaneousPoisonings, scorpion bite, etc84<1