Table 1

 Neighbourhood attributes and their constituent variables

Neighbourhood attributeVariables included in factor scores
Physical quality of residential environmentNumber of missed waste collections per 100000 collections. Public sector housing vacancy rate (%). Vacant and derelict land (ha).
Public recreationNumber of swimming pools per 100000 population. Number of public branch libraries per 10000 population. Number of leisure attendance’s per 1000 population.
CrimeExpenditure on police services per capita. Sexual/indecent crimes per 1000 population. Violent offences per 1000 population. Constables by police force area. Special constables by police force area.
Access to multiple owned food shopsNumber of multiple owned food stores available in the wider postcode district (three largest companies)
Access to banks and building societiesNumber of banks per 1000 population. Number of building societies per 1000 population. Number of ATMs/cash dispensers per 1000 population.
Health servicesNumber of GP practices per 1000 population. Number of pharmacies per 1000 population. Number of optical practices per 1000 population. Number of dental practices per 1000 population.
Left wing political climatePolitical party in power 1997. Political party in power 2001.
Political engagementVoter turnout in UK election 1997 (%). Voter turnout in UK election 2001(%).
UnemploymentResidents out of work and claiming any benefit per 1000 population. Claimants unemployed over six months (%). Working age pop claiming income support (%)
Access to private transportNumber of cars per 1000 population. Number of private cars per 1000 population. Number of company cars per 1000 population.
Transport wealth (value/prestige)Percentage of all cars in area with high value/prestige insurance groups (13–16, 17–20)