Table 7

 Early-life indicators of residential mobility

IndicatorLocation, study designIndicator of SEP measuredCriteria
P, prospectively; R, retrospectively; SEP, socioeconomic position.
Exposure to urban environment during first 5 years of lifeCameroon, Essential Non-communicable Diseases Health Intervention Project, cross-sectional128RValidity:The number of moves may not be an adequate representation of the context in which moving occurred or the resources available at different geographic locations60Relevance:Culturally and historically specificReliability:More likely to be recalled accurately than categories such as parents’ education or occupation Time frame or age within indicator question may affect responses as circumstances may change throughout early lifeDeconstruction:Not applicable
Lifestage timing of migrationHong Kong, Cardiovascular Risk Factor Prevalence Study, cross-sectional129R
Number of residential moves since birth when participant aged 7 yearsUSA, Longitudinal National Collaborative Perinatal Project60P
Number of times address changedUSA, Longitudinal National Survey of Children63P
USA, Woodlawn Cohort Study75P
Number of years at current addressUSA, Longitudinal National Survey of Children63P