Table 3

 Relationship between measures of socioeconomic position and disability with adjustment for age, morbidity and lifestyle factors

Model A OR (95% CI) for reported disability (adjusted for sex)Model B OR (95% CI) for reported disability adjusted for sex and morbidityModel C OR (95% CI) for reported disability adjusted as model B + lifestyleModel D OR (95% CI) for reported disability adjusted as Model C + other measure of SEP*
SEP, socioeconomic position; SOC, standard occupational class.
*Perceived hardship model adjusted for SOC and material disadvantage; material disadvantage model adjusted for SOC and perceived hardship; and social occupational class model adjusted for both perceived and material measures.
Periods of perceived financial hardship in adult life
    01.001.001.001.00
    11.70 (1.10 to 2.62)1.47 (0.92 to 2.35)1.39 (0.86 to 2.23)1.25 (0.77 to 2.03)
    21.67 (0.99 to 2.81)1.42 (0.81 to 2.48)1.30 (0.73 to 2.30)1.08 (0.60 to 1.96)
    32.64 (0.94 to 7.46)2.19 (0.72 to 6.72)1.76 (0.57 to 5.46)1.51 (0.48 to 4.78)
    42.04 (0.92 to 4.55)1.75 (0.75 to 4.06)1.55 (0.66 to 3.64)1.16 (0.48 to 2.80)
Periods of material disadvantage in adult life
    01.001.001.001.00
    11.23 (0.72 to 2.11)1.29 (0.72 to 2.29)1.29 (0.72 to 2.32)1.27 (0.71 to 2.27)
    21.99 (1.11 to 3.57)1.96 (1.05 to 3.66)1.90 (1.01 to 3.59)1.82 (0.96 to 3.45)
    32.26 (1.17 to 4.36)1.99 (0.99 to 4.02)1.84 (0.90 to 3.77)1.73 (0.83 to 3.63)
    43.73 (1.97 to 7.08)3.15 (1.59 to 6.22)2.70 (1.35 to 5.41)2.54 (1.24 to 5.20)
Standard occupational class
    I and II1.001.001.001.00
    IIINM1.03 (0.61 to 1.73)0.99 (0.57 to 1.71)0.97 (0.55 to 1.68)0.91 (0.52 to 1.61)
    IIIM1.72 (1.13 to 2.60)1.50 (0.96 to 2.34)1.34 (0.85 to 2.10)1.20 (0.75 to 1.91)
    IV2.49 (1.52 to 4.10)2.20 (1.30 to 3.73)1.97 (1.15 to 3.37)1.75 (1.00 to 3.07)
    V3.85 (1.95 to 7.60)3.58 (1.74 to 7.35)3.23 (1.54 to 6.79)2.46 (1.10 to 5.51)