Table 3

 Relation between birth weight and bone health, before and after adjustment for adult body size (standardised regression coefficients and corresponding 95% confidence intervals) by sex

Indicator of bone health at age 49–51 yearsMenWomen
UnadjustedAdjustedUnadjustedAdjusted
Adult size adjustments: weight for BMD; weight and height for bone area; no adjustments for femoral neck shaft angle. *Result corresponds to a 0.01 (g/cm2) increase in total hip BMD in men for a standard deviation change in standardised birth weight (where the standard deviation for standardised birth weight in men is 0.94, and for women is 1.11).
Total hip BMD (g/cm2)0.01 (−0.01, 0.03)†0.00 (−0.02, 0.02)0.01 (−0.01, 0.03)*0.00 (−0.01, 0.02)
Lumbar spine BMD (g/cm2)0.02 (0.00, 0.04)0.01 (−0.01, 0.03)0.01 (−0.01, 0.03)0.00 (−0.01, 0.02)
Bone area (cm2)2.57 (1.15, 3.98)1.11 (0.04, 2.18)1.64 (0.65, 2.63)0.45 (−0.34, 1.25)
Femoral neck shaft angle (degrees)0.29 (−0.22, 0.80)−0.24 (−0.69, 0.22)