Table 5

‚ÄÉHazard ratios* (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for total and cause specific mortality by sex

Smoking participantsNon-participants
HR95% CIHR95% CI
CVD, cardiovascular disease. *Compared with the non-smoking participants, eight year follow up, adjusted for age, area, and study year.
Total mortality
Men2.212.00 to 2.433.012.69 to 3.37
Women1.841.50 to 2.262.802.38 to 3.29
CVD mortality
Men2.141.86 to 2.472.702.28 to 3.20
Women2.221.52 to 3.242.892.16 to 3.88
Cancer mortality
Men2.672.16 to 3.312.481.87 to 3.24
Women1.260.87 to 1.821.260.90 to 1.77
Violent mortality
Men2.221.72 to 2.853.502.66 to 4.59
Women3.161.84 to 5.404.883.03 to 7.88
Smoking related mortality
Men6.664.63 to 9.581.960.63 to 6.14
Women3.531.28 to 9.711.960.63 to 6.14
Alcohol related mortality
Men2.601.84 to 3.685.033.78 to 7.06
Women4.671.79 to 12.26.882.97 to 15.9