Table 4

‚ÄÉCombined effects of control over days off with sources of stress: adjusted* rate ratios (95% confidence intervals) for medically certified sickness absences by level of control over days off combined with level of job demands, job control, job strain, and effort-reward imbalance

Control over days offp for inter-actionControl over days offp for inter-
Individual measuresWorkplace aggregates
goodpoorgoodpooraction
*Adjusted for age, level of education, occupational status, types of work contract and work schedule, marital status and dependent children, smoking, alcohol consumption, sedentary lifestyle, and overweight.
Women
Job1 low1.001.06(0.98,1.16)0.1311.001.11(1.02,1.20)0.353
demands21.05(0.98,1.13)1.19(1.10,1.28)1.05(0.98,1.14)1.23(1.14,1.33)
31.04(0.96,1.12)1.25(1.16,1.34)1.12(1.04,1.21)1.22(1.13,1.32)
4 high1.24(1.15,1.34)1.34(1.25,1.44)1.28(1.19,1.38)1.36(1.26,1.46)
Job4 high1.001.11(1.03,1.19)0.0031.001.06(0.98,1.14)<0.001
control31.00(0.93,1.08)1.00(0.92,1.08)0.97(0.90,1.05)1.00(0.93,1.08)
21.06(0.98,1.14)1.25(1.16,1.34)1.09(1.01,1.17)1.19(1.11,1.28)
1 low1.02(0.94,1.10)1.23(1.14,1.33)1.00(0.92,1.08)1.27(1.17,1.37)
JobLow strain1.001.03(0.95,1.11)0.0371.001.07(0.99,1.16)0.029
strainActive job1.06(0.99,1.15)1.13(1.05,1.22)1.11(1.02,1.20)1.14(1.05,1.23)
Passive job1.01(0.94,1.09)1.17(1.08,1.26)1.02(0.95,1.10)1.23(1.13,1.33)
High strain1.15(1.06,1.25)1.36(1.27,1.46)1.23(1.14,1.33)1.37(1.28,1.48)
Effort-1 low1.001.15(1.05,1.27)<0.0011.001.08(0.99,1.19)0.251
reward21.03(0.95,1.12)1.08(1.00,1.18)0.95(0.88,1.04)1.12(1.03,1.21)
imbalance31.07(0.99,1.16)1.13(1.04,1.22)1.01(0.93,1.10)1.14(1.05,1.24)
4 high1.12(1.02,1.22)1.43(1.32,1.55)1.23(1.13,1.33)1.30(1.19,1.41)
Men
Job1 low1.001.06(0.91,1.23)0.0191.000.87(0.75,1.01)0.230
demands21.14(1.00,1.30)1.12(0.98,1.28)1.09(0.95,1.25)0.98(0.85,1.12)
31.06(0.91,1.23)1.34(1.17,1.54)1.08(0.93,1.26)1.12(0.97,1.28)
4 high1.24(1.06,1.46)1.13(0.96,1.32)1.05(0.89,1.25)1.10(0.94,1.28)
Job4 high1.001.15(0.98,1.34)0.3661.001.03(0.88,1.21)0.212
control31.02(0.88,1.19)1.05(0.89,1.23)1.09(0.93,1.28)0.90(0.76,1.07)
21.06(0.92,1.23)1.01(0.87,1.17)1.05(0.90,1.22)0.96(0.82,1.12)
1 low1.19(1.02,1.39)1.28(1.11,1.47)1.21(1.03,1.42)1.20(1.03,1.39)
JobLow strain1.000.98(0.83,1.15)0.1151.000.87(0.75,1.02)0.263
strainActive job0.94(0.81,1.09)1.15(0.99,1.35)0.97(0.82,1.14)0.97(0.84,1.14)
Passive job0.99(0.86,1.13)1.04(0.91,1.19)1.02(0.83,1.17)0.91(0.79,1.05)
High strain1.23(1.05,1.44)1.17(1.02,1.35)1.10(0.93,1.30)1.16(1.00,1.34)
Effort-1 low1.000.97(0.82,1.15)0.0511.001.06(0.89,1.25)0.154
reward20.98(0.84,1.13)1.20(1.04,1.40)1.12(0.95,1.31)1.13(0.97,1.32)
imbalance31.10(0.95,1.28)1.07(0.92,1.24)1.22(1.05,1.43)1.05(0.90,1.23)
4 high1.39(1.18,1.64)1.38(1.18,1.61)1.57(1.33,1.85)1.37(1.17,1.61)