Table 3

‚ÄÉCombined effects of control over daily working hours with sources of stress: adjusted* rate ratios (95% confidence intervals) for medically certified sickness absences by level of control over daily working hours combined with level of job demands, job control, job strain, and effort-reward imbalance

Control over daily working hoursp for inter-actionControl over daily working hoursp for inter-action
Individual measuresWorkplace aggregates
goodpoorgoodpoor
*Adjusted for age, level of education, occupational status, types of work contract and work schedule, marital status and dependent children, smoking, alcohol consumption, sedentary lifestyle, and overweight.
Women
Job1 low1.001.06(0.97,1.14)0.0171.001.15(1.06,1.25)0.189
demands21.04(0.96,1.13)1.18(1.09,1.28)1.05(0.98,1.13)1.29(1.20,1.39)
31.02(0.93,1.10)1.27(1.18,1.37)1.14(1.06,1.23)1.25(1.15,1.35)
4 high1.16(1.07,1.26)1.40(1.30,1.51)1.24(1.15,1.33)1.45(1.35,1.57)
Job4 high1.001.05(0.98,1.13)<0.0011.001.07(0.99,1.16)0.042
control30.96(0.89,1.04)1.00(0.93,1.08)0.93(0.86,1.00)1.08(1.00,1.17)
20.99(0.91,1.07)1.25(1.16,1.34)1.05(0.98,1.13)1.28(1.19,1.37)
1 low0.93(0.85,1.02)1.23(1.15,1.33)1.02(0.95,1.10)1.27(1.18,1.37)
JobLow strain1.000.96(0.89,1.04)<0.0011.001.04(0.96,1.13)<0.001
strainActive job1.00(0.93,1.08)1.13(1.05,1.23)1.03(0.96,1.10)1.22(1.12,1.31)
Passive job0.92(0.85,1.00)1.15(1.07,1.24)0.95(0.89,1.03)1.30(1.20,1.40)
High strain1.05(0.96,1.14)1.36(1.26,1.46)1.24(1.16,1.34)1.35(1.26,1.46)
Effort-1 low1.001.18(1.08,1.30)0.8561.001.18(1.08,1.30)0.114
reward21.00(0.92,1.09)1.15(1.06,1.25)0.97(0.90,1.05)1.19(1.10,1.29)
imbalance31.03(0.94,1.12)1.20(1.11,1.30)1.03(0.95,1.11)1.21(1.21,1.31)
4 high1.23(1.12,1.35)1.39(1.27,1.51)1.26(1.16,1.36)1.36(1.25,1.48)
Men
Job1 low1.001.07(0.92,1.24)0.1441.001.07(0.93,1.24)0.609
demands21.01(0.86,1.19)1.23(1.06,1.42)1.14(1.00,1.31)1.14(0.99,1.31)
31.08(0.92,1.28)1.32(1.13,1.53)1.15(1.00,1.32)1.30(1.12,1.50)
4 high0.98(0.81,1.17)1.37(1.16,1.62)1.18(1.01,1.38)1.20(1.02,1.43)
Job4 high1.001.27(1.09,1.48)0.4841.001.08(0.91,1.27)0.088
control31.00(0.86,1.17)1.18(1.01,1.37)1.04(0.91,1.19)0.92(0.78,1.10)
20.97(0.83,1.14)1.18(1.02,1.36)0.92(0.81,1.07)1.10(0.95,1.27)
1 low1.28(1.06,1.54)1.36(1.18,1.57)1.20(1.03,1.40)1.22(1.06,1.40)
JobLow strain1.000.98(0.84,1.14)<0.0011.000.88(0.75,1.05)0.127
strainActive job0.85(0.73,1.00)1.29(1.11,1.51)0.98(0.86,1.12)1.04(0.88.1.24)
Passive job0.85(0.72,1.01)1.11(0.97,1.28)0.92(0.81,1.06)1.05(0.92,1.20)
High strain1.20(1.01,1.43)1.21(1.05,1.41)1.14(0.97,1.32)1.19(1.03,1.38)
Effort-1 low1.001.01(0.86,1.20)0.3301.001.03(0.87,1.22)0.939
reward21.00(0.85,1.18)1.18(1.01,1.38)1.07(0.93,1.24)1.15(0.99,1.34)
imbalance30.99(0.84,1.16)1.21(1.04,1.41)1.11(0.97,1.28)1.12(0.97,1.31)
4 high1.24(1.03,1.50)1.51(1.29,1.77)1.40(1.19,1.63)1.46(1.25,1.70)