Table 1

 Causes of diseases of comfort

(1) Diseases of comfortproblemGlobal chronic disease epidemic of heart diseases, cancers, respiratory diseases, mental disorders, diabetes, musculoskeletal disorders, etc
(2) Immediate causesObesity, high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, stress
(3) Underlying causesPhysical inactivity, imbalanced diet, smoking, excessive alcohol
(4) Technological advanceElectricity, machines, automation, energy dense food, poor urban planning, modern life, globalised economy
(5) CivilisationHuman progress towards “perfection” (comfort, convenience and pleasure)