Table 3

 Aims, sample characteristics, and findings of studies of young people’s views about physical activity: an illustration taken from the evidence tables

StudyAimsSample characteristicsKey findings reported by authorsYoung people’s views (judged by reviewers)
Sports Council Wales (1994)30• To examine young people’s feelings and attitudes about sportLocation: Wales (Pontypool, Haverfordwest, Wrexham, Swansea, and Maesteg)• Young people tend to operate with a restricted definition of the word “sport” where it is taken to mean organised, rule governed, and competitive activityPerceptions of/meanings of physical activity
• To explore the meanings of sports for young people and how they view their own involvement and the involvement of othersSample number: 60• Pleasures associated with sport differ depending on degree to which it is perceived as recreational—work ethic prevalent.• Distinction between organised, competitive “real” sport and “recreational sport for leisure”.
Age range: 11–16• Egalitarian views widespread among young people as regards own and peers’ participation but tendency to revert to gender stereotypes when discussing adult participation.Barriers
Sex: mixed• Body image important for participation, especially for young women.• PE teachers’ favouritism of young people who do well at sport.
Social class: not stated• Young women’s concern over their physical appearance.
Ethnicity: all described as “white”. A minority were Welsh speaking.• Bad weather a problem for team games.
Other information: sample over represented young women and aimed to include those less committed to sport.Facilitators
Exclusions: none reported.• More encouragement at sports clubs for “non-sporty” people.
• Making sport more fun
• Provision of more opportunities to compete for young women.