Table 5

Short and long term associations of sickness absence with all cause death. One year absence from a sample of all participants with at least one year at work. 10 Town study, Finland

Deaths within five yearsDeaths after five years†
MenWomenMenWomen
Participants (deaths)Hazard ratio‡ (95% CI)Participants (deaths)Hazard ratio (95% CI)Participants (deaths)Hazard ratio (95% CI)Participants (deaths)Hazard ratio (95% CI)
Instead of five years, all employees who had a job contract of one year or more during the study period are included. *The indices of sickness absence are the observed number of short and long term absences (1–3 days and >3 days, respectively) and the number of sickness absence days from the first year at work; †the mean follow up 8.4 years; ‡hazard ratios are adjusted for age in 10 year categories, occupational status, and type of employment contract.
Short term absences
    010543 (118)1.0018252 (91)1.008761 (118)1.0014799 (98)1.00
    1–26937 (80)1.16 (0.87 to 1.54)21730 (88)0.97 (0.72 to 1.30)5780 (91)1.29 (0.98 to 1.69)17350 (105)1.01 (0.77 to 1.33)
    >22154 (37)2.12 (1.46 to 3.08)12133 (66)1.66 (1.20 to 2.29)1725 (23)1.32 (0.84 to 2.07)9378 (73)1.52 (1.12 to 2.07)
Long term absences
    013097 (115)1.0030188 (97)1.0010689 (127)1.0023920 (117)1.00
    13972 (51)1.40 (1.01 to 1.96)12462 (61)1.45 (1.06 to 2.00)3345 (53)1.24 (0.90 to 1.72)9928 (80)1.53 (1.15 to 2.04)
    >12565 (69)2.67 (1.96 to 3.65)9465 (87)2.43 (1.81 to 3.26)2232 (52)1.76 (1.26 to 2.46)7679 (79)1.80 (1.35 to 2.41)
Absence days
    07949 (77)1.0012643 (50)1.006508 (78)1.0010110 (53)1.00
    1–158262 (63)0.90 (0.64 to 1.26)27638 (90)1.00 (0.71 to 1.42)6784 (85)1.14 (0.84 to 1.56)21795 (119)1.15 (0.83 to 1.59)
    >153423 (95)2.66 (1.95 to 3.63)11834 (105)2.16 (1.54 to 3.04)2974 (69)1.76 (1.26 to 2.46)9622 (104)1.85 (1.33 to 2.58)