Table 4

Outer model results for demographic and civil society group variables

VariableModeWeight/loading*
*Regression weights are reported for inward mode variables and factor loadings for outward mode variables. Both weights and loadings for unity variables are always 1.00. †For variables in the inward mode, and for unity variables that are categorical, comparison, or dummy variables are indicated in italics.
Gender Unity†
Female1.00
Male 0.00
Age Inward†
18–24−0.06
25–34−0.29
35–44−0.18
55–640.24
65+0.83
45–54 0.00
Languages spoken Unity†
Other than English1.00
English only 0.00
Child status Unity†
Have children1.00
Don’t have children 0.00
Education Inward†
No formal/primary only−0.51
Technical/trade0.37
Degree or higher0.78
Secondary 0.00
Work status Unity†
Working1.00
Not working 0.00
Income Unity
Own1.00
Tenancy Inward†
Owner−0.46
Private rental−0.07
Public housing−0.12
Cooperative housing 0.81
Other 0.00
Years in area Inward†
<1−0.00
4–90.15
10+1.06
1–3 0.00
Civil society groups Outward
In local area0.89
Outside local area0.69