Table 1

 Comparison of point, shrunk, and bias corrected estimates

Estimated final age band widthVarianceSkewness of simulated values
*That is, the variance that would be estimated if 13 deaths were observed in a population of 76, using (4)
True point estimate (based on “known” rate)11.698.72*
Mean of uncorrected simulated values12.5714.612.66
Mean of simulated shrunk values11.689.831.89
Mean of simulated BC values11.609.061.55