Table 1

Definition of avoidable mortality. (ICD-9 was used 1990–96 and ICD-10 in 1997–2000)

Outcome variableDiagnostic conceptICD-9ICD-10
Avoidable “natural deaths”.Disorders related to illicit drug misuse:292, 304, 965.0, 968.5, 969.6, 969.7Z722, Z503, F12, F11,F14, F16, F19
Disorders related to alcohol misuse291, 303, 305.0, 357.5, 425.5, 535.3, 571.0–571.3F10, G621, I426, K294, K70
Appendicitis54K35
Asthma493J45
Diabetes250E11–E14
Epilepsy345G45
Pneumonia48J10–J18
Tuberculosis460–478J00–J06
Unintentional injuries and homicideUnintentional injuriesE800–E929V00–X59 (ICD-10
HomicideE960–E969X85–Y09
SuicideE950–E959 or E980–E989X60–X84 or Y10–Y34