Table 1

 Proportion of participants who reported ever having traffic tickets fixed, according to individual characteristics

Number (%) of respondents% Of respondents who reported having tickets fixedp for comparison
2 trend test; †groups were based on French francs in 1989.
Sex
    Men10458 (76.7)29.4<0.001
    Women3179 (23.3)19.1
Year of birth
    Men
        1939–19434557 (43.7)27.4<0.001
        1944–19485874 (56.3)30.9
    Women
        1939–1943789 (24.9)16.50.054
        1944–19487768 (36.8)19.5
        1949–19531514 (38.3)20.1
Driving mileage per year
    <10000 km3021 (22.4)20.2<0.001*
    10000–20000 km7212 (53.5)26.4
    >20000 km3251 (24.1)34.8
Alcohol consumption
    Non-drinker1441 (11.3)21.0<0.001*
    Occasional6387 (50.1)25.3
    Moderate3566 (25.6)28.7
    Heavy drinker1657 (13.0)34.0
Type of vehicle owned in 2001
    City and utilitarian cars3038 (23.5)23.7<0.001*
    Small family cars3985 (30.9)25.6
    Large family cars, MPVs, and 4×44785 (37.1)28.4
    Executive, luxury cars and sport cars1101 (8.5)33.9
Missing points on driving licence
    None12834 (94.8)26.6<0.001*
    One or two331 (2.4)31.7
    More than two (3–12)372 (2.7)36.8
Occupational category
    Unskilled workers2237 (16.5)26.80.72*
    Skilled workers7833 (57.9)27.2
    Managers3461 (25.6)26.5
Household income group in 1989 in euros†
     −1144394 (2.0)23.90.66*
    1144–13721056 (8.0)25.0
    1373–16011382 (10.5)26.8
    1602–19822536 (19.3)27.8
    1983–25913630 (27.6)28.7
    2592–38113153 (23.9)27.0
    3812–1014 (7.7)23.6
Score for negative attitudes towards traffic regulations
    0–23437 (25.5)21.5<0.001*
    3–44398 (32.3)24.7
    5–63354 (24.6)28.7
    7–122404 (17.6)36.6