Table 1

 Prevalence of symptoms of asthma, rhinitis, and eczema in children aged 6–7 years in the general population survey and the infections survey, by major site of infection and pathogen type

General population*Infections group†Major site of infectionPathogen typeChildhood viral
N = 2539 % (n)N = 1584 % (n)Gastrointestinal N = 1216 % (n)Invasive N = 118 % (n)Respiratory N = 128 % (n)Bacteria N = 1119 % (n)Protozoan N = 335 % (n)N = 122 % (n)
*The “general population group” comprises the participants in the Wellington survey for 6–7 year olds. †The “childhood infections group” comprises children with notifiable infectious diseases reported to public health services and recorded on the EpiSurv database.
Asthma symptoms
Wheezing ever44.5 (1130)46.1 (730)46.4 (564)46.6 (55)49.2 (63)46.7 (522)46.3 (155)39.3 (48)
Wheezing in the past 12 months24.3 (618)23.5 (372)24.1 (293)24.6 (29)21.1 (27)24.1 (270)23.3 (78)18.9 (23)
⩾1wheezing attack in the past 12 months24.0 (610)23.5 (372)24.0 (292)24.6 (29)24.2 (28)24.0 (268)23.9 (80)18.9 (23)
Night waking in the past 12 months14.8 (376)14.6 (231)15.1 (183)16.9 (20)14.1 (18)15.6 (174)13.7 (46)8.2 (10)
Severe wheeze in the past 12 months4.1 (103)4.2 (67)4.4 (53)5.9 (7)3.1 (4)4.6 (51)3.9 (13)2.5 (3)
Asthma ever32.8 (833)31.9 (506)32.2 (391)29.7 (35)30.5 (39)30.9 (346)34.6 (116)33.6 (41)
Exercise wheeze16.9 (428)17.8 (282)18.3 (223)15.3 (18)16.4 (21)17.3 (194)19.7 (66)16.4 (20)
Night cough in the past 12 months30.8 (782)31.0 (490)30.8 (375)31.4 (37)30.5 (39)30.4 (340)31.9 (107)32.0 (39)
Rhinitis symptoms
Nose symptoms ever29.5 (748)31.3 (495)31.7 (385)34.8 (41)29.7 (38)32.0 (358)30.5 (102)25.4 (31)
Nose symptoms in the past 12 months26.3 (669)28.2 (446)28.7 (349)29.7 (35)25.8 (33)29.0 (325)26.6 (89)23.8 (29)
Eyes affected in the past 12 months12.0 (304)14.0 (221)14.2 (173)17.0 (20)14.1 (18)15.1 (169)12.2 (41)8.2 (10)
Activities limited in the past 12 months16.4 (417)18.4 (292)19.5 (237)22.0 (26)11.7 (15)19.4 (217)17.3 (58)11.5 (14)
Hay fever ever17.3 (440)18.2 (288)18.3 (223)21.2 (25)17.2 (22)19.0 (213)15.8 (53)14.8 (18)
Eczema symptoms
Rash ever27.0 (686)26.0 (412)25.8 (314)28.8 (34)22.7 (29)26.6 (298)22.1 (74)28.7 (35)
Rash in the past 2 months23.0 (583)22.7 (360)22.7 (276)25.4 (30)19.5 (25)23.4 (262)19.1 (64)23.8 (29)
Flexural areas ever21.0 (533)19.6 (310)19.7 (238)18.6 (22)18.8 (24)19.9 (223)17.3 (58)21.3 (26)
Rash cleared in the past 12 months16.6 (421)16.5 (262)16.9 (205)17.0 (20)10.9 (14)17.0 (190)13.1 (44)18.9 (23)
Night waking in the past 12 months10.2 (258)9.9 (157)10.1 (123)15.3 (18)8.6 (11)11.1 (124)8.1 (27)4.1 (5)
Eczema ever39.9 (1013)37.9 (601)38.2 (464)34.8 (41)34.4 (44)37.3 (417)38.5 (129)42.6 (52)