Table 1

Age adjusted mortality and mortality risk ratios by area level and individual level explanatory variables

25–64 year oldsOver 64 year olds
Mortality risk ratioMortality risk ratio
Proportion of deaths (%)Age adjusted mortality / 100000*Model 1Model 2Model 3Model 495% CIProportion of deaths (%)Age adjusted mortality / 100000*Model 1Model 2Model 3Model 495% CI
Model 1 = age and each variable at a time. Model 2 = age and all area level variables. Model 3 = age and all individual level variables. Model 4 = all variables. *Age adjustment is by the direct method using the total population as the standard population. Small discrepancies between mortality ratios obtained from these age adjusted mortality rates and mortality ratios obtained from the multi-level model are expected.
Area level variables
Proportion of manual workers
    10.2–26.520.9478.21.001.001.0029.36018.81.001.001.00
    26.6–38.923.0521.61.141.251.080.99 to 1.1723.06767.81.111.131.040.97 to 1.11
    39.0–45.330.6657.11.391.381.121.03 to 1.2327.77313.21.201.241.091.01 to 1.17
    45.4–64.025.4723.71.581.581.191.10 to 1.3020.07827.91.291.301.101.02 to 1.19
Proportion of over 60 year olds
    6.0–9.321.3529.81.001.001.0012.57063.81.001.001.00
    9.4–13.423.6559.11.050.980.980.91 to 1.0618.06769.80.950.930.940.86 to 1.02
    13.5–22.124.9556.11.051.151.060.98 to 1.1429.16811.20.961.031.010.93 to 1.09
    22.2–31.230.1725.51.351.281.081.00 to 1.1740.46893.50.981.010.990.92 to 1.07
Social cohesion
    High19.5456.50.770.941.040.96 to 1.1322.66248.30.880.980.990.93 to 1.07
    Intermediate49.0576.11.001.001.0046.67146.51.001.001.00
    Low31.5754.21.311.241.111.04 to 1.1930.87020.41.001.000.950.90 to 1.01
Individual level variables
Education
    Tertiary12.0305.11.001.001.0017.05325.21.001.001.00
    Higher secondary12.6447.41.461.241.241.11 to 1.3810.36351.71.171.091.080.99 to 1.19
    Lower secondary18.6661.82.191.481.471.32 to 1.659.56802.11.261.101.090.99 to 1.21
    Primary56.9797.12.541.591.581.43 to 1.7563.27583.91.391.151.141.05 to 1.23
Socioeconomic status
    Upper white collar16.3329.61.001.001.0020.85556.21.001.001.00
    Lower white collar18.2501.31.521.121.111.01 to 1.2221.56736.81.191.031.020.95 to 1.11
    Skilled manual30.9765.52.281.361.351.23 to 1.4935.27474.71.301.021.010.93 to 1.10
    Un-skilled manual23.0936.32.721.461.451.31 to 1.6111.48115.91.441.051.040.95 to 1.15
    Other11.6649.31.971.391.381.25 to 1.5411.17332.21.301.081.070.98 to 1.17
Housing tenure
    Owner occupied53.4437.11.001.001.0073.16339.31.001.001.00
    Other46.6985.22.171.591.581.49 to 1.6626.98765.31.371.181.181.12 to 1.24
Housing density
    Spacious34.2503.51.001.001.0049.05811.51.001.001.00
    Intermediate56.4672.61.321.121.121.05 to 1.1844.48184.41.391.291.281.22 to 1.35
    Crowded9.4809.41.451.251.221.11 to 1.346.69459.91.601.551.551.42 to 1.70
Living arrangements
    With partner58.1445.11.001.001.0064.26301.51.001.001.00
    Without partner41.91064.92.301.941.921.82 to 2.0335.88437.71.311.281.281.22 to 1.34
Number of deaths 646158984176865