Table 5

Poverty and old housing in relation to risk of elevated blood lead level (≥10 μg/dl) among children 1–5 years old, RI, 1994–1996 (venous n=31076; capillary n=31438)

BGCTZC
Blood sampleArea based characteristicChildren screened N (%)% elevated leadOR (95% CI)Children screened N (%)% Increased leadOR (95% CI)Children screened N (%)% Increased leadOR (95% CI)
*No population in these strata.
VenousPoverty:
    Poor (≥20% < poverty)8690 (30.1)31.54.25 (3.99 to 4.54)7940 (27.3)32.94.41 (4.14 to 4.71)6496 (24.3)32.43.75 (3.51 to 4.00)
    Not poor (<20% < poverty)20163 (69.9)9.71.0021152 (72.7)10.01.0021617 (75.7)11.31.00
Housing:
    Old (≥27% pre-1950 housing)21578 (74.8)20.46.02 (5.34 to 6.80)22892 (79.7)3.56.70 (5.83 to 7.69)25012 (87.6)18.25.01 (4.25 to 5.92)
    Not old (<27% pre-1950 housing)7275 (25.2)4.11.006200 (21.3)0.01.003551 (12.4)4.31.00
Poverty and housing:
    Poor AND old housing8436 (29.2)31.92.67 (11.07 to 14.49)7850 (27.0)12.714.19 (12.25 to 16.43)6946 (24.3)32.410.80 (9.11 to 12.81)
    Poor AND NOT old housing254 (0.9)18.56.15 (4.37 to 8.65)90 (0.3)3.44.84 (2.65 to 8.85)0 (0.0)–*
    NOT poor AND old housing13142 (45.5)13.04.06 (3.55 to 4.66)15042 (51.7)14.44.17 (3.60 to 4.83)18066 (63.2)12.73.29 (2.78 to 3.89)
    NOT poor and NOT old housing7021 (24.3)3.61.006110 (21.0)0.01.003551 (12.4)4.31.00
CapillaryPoverty:
    Poor (≥20% < poverty)5748 (19.4)37.92.75 (2.58 to 2.93)4859 (16.2)38.22.66 (2.49 to 2.85)2953 (10.2)46.83.65 (3.37 to 3.94)
    Not poor (<20% < poverty)23860 (80.6)18.21.0025044 (83.8)18.81.0026122 (89.8)19.51.00
Housing:
    Old (≥27% pre-1950 housing)20789 (70.2)26.73.01 (2.80 to 3.24)21914 (73.3)25.92.82 (2.62 to 3.05)24896 (85.6)23.82.13 (1.94 to 2.34)
    Not old (<27% pre-1950 housing)8819 (29.8)10.81.007989 (26.7)11.01.004179 (14.4)12.81.00
Poverty and housing:
    Poor AND old housing5584 (18.9)38.45.25 (4.81 to 5.73)4799 (16.0)38.45.06 (4.62 to 5.55)2953 (10.2)46.86.00 (5.34 to 6.74)
    Poor AND NOT old housing164 (0.6)22.62.46 (1.69 to 3.57)60 (0.2)21.72.25 (1.21 to 4.18)0 (0.0)–*
    NOT poor AND old housing15205 (51.4)22.52.45 (2.26 to 2.65)17115 (57.2)22.42.35 (2.17 to 2.55)21943 (75.5)20.71.78 (1.62 to 1.96)
    NOT poor and NOT old housing8655 (29.2)10.61.007929 (26.5)10.91.004179 (14.4)12.81.00