Table 5

Overview of some population-based studies in which the association between LVH and stroke was studied

First authorSubjectsAge (y)FUP (y)Number of strokesStroke typeFatal non-fatalPrevalence LVH (%)Main finding on riskRemarks
M=men, F=female, FUP=mean duration of follow up in years, NR=not reported, ICH=cerebral haemorrhage, CI=cerebral infarction, TE=thromboembolic.
*Adjusted for cardiovascular risk factors (full model); †subjects with hypertension only.
Dunn, 1990†31624 M45–746.529 (any)NRFatal21.71.8Age adjusted
1650 F17 (any)12.74.0Age adjusted
Aronow, 1991†1088 M623.668 (any)CICombined14.72.10 (1.11 to 3.98)*
238 F
Wolf, 199182372 M55–8410213 (first)NRCombined3.5 M2.32*
3362 F259 (first)2.9 F2.34*
Kannel, 199272372 M35–6436NRNRCombined4.85.8*
3362 F3.46.2*
Truelsen, 199493015 M55–8410286 (first)NRCombined20.6 M1.32 (1.01 to 1.73)*
3501 F188 (first)11.3 F1.00 (0.66 to 1.51)*
Kahn, 19961145975–851035NR15 Fatal9.23.03 (1.09 to 10.6)*Unadjusted
20 NF1.1Unadjusted
Feigin, 199813237 cases68237CICombined18.1% cases1.77 (1.70 to 19.9)*
257 controls2.1% controls
Tanne, 1998149734 M≥4021282CIFatal1.87%2.15 (1.12 to 4.12)*
Aronow 19991223848144510TECombined2.8*