Table 1
ApproachData sourcesPotential outcomesDevelopments required to existing data to improve value for evaluating cycle networkLimitations / potential problems
User surveysLocal authority user surveysProcess measures: Who is using network and for what purpose To inform future developments of network To determine whether users feel network has increased their likelihood of being regularly active To identify groups who do not appear to use the networkRandom selection of survey sites from across network Standardisation of data collection at each siteNo information on non-users (for example, barriers to use for groups not represented in user surveys) Limited use for outcomes because no comparison group
Routine dataNational road traffic survey National travel surveyProcess measures (users and non-users): Awareness of network Barriers to use Outcome measures: Time-trend analysesInclude details of trips undertaken on traffic free routes in surveys Inclusion of questions relating to national cycle network into next round of surveyMay not be possible to include additional questions into routine survey Time-trend analysis— difficult to be certain the intervention has definitely cause any change; latency period unknown
Comparisons between areas close to and more distant from networkLinking routine data from National Travel Survey and Health Survey for England to areas close to and distant from a cycle pathwayOutcome measures: Differences between areas in amount of walking and cycling Differences between areas in self-reported levels of physical activityLinking of routine data to postcodes and from this to areas of completed network pathsMay not be possible to obtain routine survey data by postcode Need to be able to adequately adjust for potential sociodemographic confounding factors