Table 2

Comparison of case mix and hospital mortality of men and women for discrete conditions

CategoryMeasureMenWomenDifference
*Based on χ2 test; †based on t test. APS, acute physiology score; PMH, past medical history; APACHE II, APACHE II score.
Acute myocardial infarctionMean (median) age64.2 (66.0)68.3 (70.0)<0.001†
% PMH7.813.80.001*
Mean (median) APS11.8 (10.0)12.7 (11.0)0.07†
Mean (median) APACHE II16.0 (14.0)17.8 (16.0)0.002†
% Hospital mortality46.453.80.01*
male: female crude odds ratio (95% CI)0.71 (0.54 to 0.93)
male: female adjusted odds ratio (95% CI)0.91 (0.65 to 1.28)
PneumoniaMean (median) age59.3 (64.0)58.1 (63.0)0.08†
% PMH24.022.40.33*
Mean (median) APS15.1 (14.0)15.1 (15.0)0.75†
Mean (median) APACHE II19.7 (19.0)19.6 (19.0)0.75†
% Hospital mortality53.248.20.01*
male: female crude odds ratio (95% CI)1.27 (1.06 to 1.52)
male: female adjusted odds ratio (95% CI)1.28 (1.06 to 1.54)
Chronic obstructive airways diseaseMean (median) age66.2 (68.0)65.4 (67.0)0.23†
% PMH41.040.60.89*
Mean (median) APS12.8 (12.0)12.3 (12.0)0.14†
Mean (median) APACHE II19.1 (18.0)18.5 (18.0)0.15†
% Hospital mortality40.336.70.27†
male: female crude odds ratio (95% CI)1.14 (0.84 to 1.54)
male: female adjusted odds ratio (95% CI)1.05 (0.77 to 1.43)
AsthmaMean (median) age40.4 (37.0)39.6 (38.0)0.27†
% PMH22.431.60.01*
Mean (median) APS10.7 (10.0)10.2 (10.0)0.75†
Mean (median) APACHE II13.4 (13.0)13.1 (12.0)0.59†
% Hospital mortality5.99.10.16*
male: female crude odds ratio (95% CI)0.65 (0.31 to 1.34)
male: female adjusted odds ratio (95% CI)0.53 (0.24 to 1.18)
Self poisoningMean (median) age34.9 (33.0)37.2 (35.0)0.002†
% PMH1.11.60.43*
Mean (median) APS13.4 (13.0)13.1 (13.0)0.39†
Mean (median) APACHE II14.1 (14.0)14.1 (14.0)0.99†
% Hospital mortality8.58.60.97*
male: female crude odds ratio (95% CI)1.12 (0.75 to 1.67)
male: female adjusted odds ratio (95% CI)1.01 (0.65 to 1.56)