All respondents aged 16 and over (n=22725) | Respondents aged 25–64 (n=14615) | |||||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

Adjustment for city, age, gender, and their interactions | Idem + educational level | Adjustment for city, age, gender, and their interactions | Idem + educational level | |||||

OR | 95% CI | OR | 95% CI | OR | 95% CI | OR | 95% CI | |

*Area level concerns neighbourhoods; random variance at individual level was fixed at “1” (assuming a strictly binomial variance); random variance at city level was captured by a dummy for each city. †Difference in deviance between a model containing an interaction of the neighbourhood measure and a model without (χ^{2} value and degrees of freedom; statistical significance (p<0.05) is indicated in bold). | ||||||||

GP deprivation | ||||||||

no | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | ||||

yes | 1.60 | 1.47 to 1.75 | 1.32 | 1.21 to 1.44 | 1.96 | 1.75 to 2.19 | 1.52 | 1.36 to 1.71 |

Area level random variance (SE)* | 0.1052 | (0.0338) | 0.0829 | (0.0340) | 0.0824 | (0.0489) | 0.0497 | (0.0497) |

City differences (χ^{2} (df))† | 4.2 | (5 df) | 10.8 | (5 df) | 0 | (5 df) | 14.7 | (5 df) |

Mean income | ||||||||

favourable | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1.00 | ||||

medium | 1.53 | 1.42 to 1.66 | 1.31 | 1.21 to 1.42 | 1.69 | 1.53 to 1.86 | 1.39 | 1.26 to 1.54 |

unfavourable | 2.05 | 1.90 to 2.22 | 1.6 | 1.47 to 1.73 | 2.44 | 2.21 to 2.69 | 1.79 | 1.61 to 1.98 |

Area level random variance (SE)* | 0.0864 | (0.0333) | 0.0770 | (0.0338) | 0.0559 | (0.0484) | 0.0386 | (0.0494) |

City differences (χ^{2}; df)† |
179.5
| (12 df) |
166.6
| (12 df) | 16.1 | (12 df) | 10.7 | (12 df) |

Proportion on social benefits | ||||||||

favourable | 1 | 1 | 1 | 1 | ||||

medium | 1.43 | 1.32 to 1.55 | 1.25 | 1.15 to 1.35 | 1.59 | 1.44 to 1.76 | 1.36 | 1.23 to 1.51 |

unfavourable | 1.95 | 1.80 to 2.11 | 1.52 | 1.40 to 1.65 | 2.35 | 2.12 to 2.60 | 1.74 | 1.56 to 1.93 |

Area level random variance (SE)* | 0.0898 | (0.0332) | 0.0763 | (0.0337) | 0.0703 | (0.0488) | 0.0457 | (0.0496) |

City differences (χ^{2}; df)† |
103.9
| (12 df) |
121.4
| (12 df) | 18.8 | (12 df) | 7.3 | (12 df) |