Table 2

Odds ratios (95% confidence intervals, CI) for poor self reported health after adjustment for city, age, gender, and their interactions, and after additional adjustment for educational level (484 neighbourhoods in seven cities)

All respondents aged 16 and over (n=22725)Respondents aged 25–64 (n=14615)
Adjustment for city, age, gender, and their interactionsIdem + educational levelAdjustment for city, age, gender, and their interactionsIdem + educational level
OR95% CIOR95% CIOR95% CIOR95% CI
*Area level concerns neighbourhoods; random variance at individual level was fixed at “1” (assuming a strictly binomial variance); random variance at city level was captured by a dummy for each city. †Difference in deviance between a model containing an interaction of the neighbourhood measure and a model without (χ2 value and degrees of freedom; statistical significance (p<0.05) is indicated in bold).
GP deprivation
    no1111
    yes1.601.47 to 1.751.321.21 to 1.441.961.75 to 2.191.521.36 to 1.71
Area level random variance (SE)*0.1052(0.0338)0.0829(0.0340)0.0824(0.0489)0.0497(0.0497)
City differences (χ2 (df))†4.2(5 df)10.8(5 df)0(5 df)14.7(5 df)
Mean income
    favourable1111.00
    medium1.531.42 to 1.661.311.21 to 1.421.691.53 to 1.861.391.26 to 1.54
    unfavourable2.051.90 to 2.221.61.47 to 1.732.442.21 to 2.691.791.61 to 1.98
Area level random variance (SE)*0.0864(0.0333)0.0770(0.0338)0.0559(0.0484)0.0386(0.0494)
City differences (χ2; df)† 179.5 (12 df) 166.6 (12 df)16.1(12 df)10.7(12 df)
Proportion on social benefits
    favourable1111
    medium1.431.32 to 1.551.251.15 to 1.351.591.44 to 1.761.361.23 to 1.51
    unfavourable1.951.80 to 2.111.521.40 to 1.652.352.12 to 2.601.741.56 to 1.93
Area level random variance (SE)*0.0898(0.0332)0.0763(0.0337)0.0703(0.0488)0.0457(0.0496)
City differences (χ2; df)† 103.9 (12 df) 121.4 (12 df)18.8(12 df)7.3(12 df)