Table 4

Age adjusted odds ratios or differences in morbidity between the lowest compared with the highest employment grade at baseline, 5.3, and 11.1 years, and test for change in the gradient over 11.1 years—men

NOR/ DiffGradient at baseline OR or Diff (95% CI)Gradient at 5.3 years OR or Diff (95% CI)Gradient at 11.1 years OR or Diff (95% CI)p Value for change in gradient over 11.1 years
Test of significance of employment grade gradient: *p≤0.05; **p≤0.01; ***p≤0.001.
Health measure
    self rated health4757OR2.30 (1.8 to 2.9)***2.74 (2.1 to 3.5)***p=0.33 (baseline–5.3 years)
(from SF36 question)3.29 (2.3 to 4.7)***2.85 (2.1 to 3.9)***p=0.55 (5.3 years–11.1 years)
    longstanding illness3683OR1.10 (0.9 to 1.4)0.95 (0.8 to 1.2)1.28 (1.0 to 1.6)*p=0.36
    GHQ score4696Diff−0.37 (−0.9 to 0.1)0.26 (−0.2 to 0.7)0.95 (0.4 to 1.5)***p<0.001
    GHQ caseness4696OR0.81 (0.6 to 1.0)0.97 (0.8 to 1.24)1.32 (1.0 to 1.7)*p=0.005
    depression4697Diff0.34 (0.2 to 0.5)***0.41 (0.2 to 0.6)***0.59 (0.4 to 0.8)***p=0.05
    cholesterol (mmol/l)4344Diff0.08 (−0.0 to 0.2)0.02 (−0.1 to 0.1)−0.11 (−0.2 to −0.0)*p=0.01
    systolic blood pressure (mm Hg)4383Diff0.29 (−1.1 to 1.7)1.07 (−0.3 to 2.4)1.91 (0.3 to 3.5)*p=0.14
    diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg)4383Diff1.28 (0.3 to 2.3)**1.22 (0.3 to 2.1)**1.48 (0.4 to 2.6)**p=0.78
    body mass index (kg/m2)3771Diff0.50 (0.2 to 0.8)**0.45 (0.1 to 0.8)**0.37 (0.0 to 0.8)*p=0.66
Health related behaviour
    alcohol over the recommended limits4731OR0.70 (0.5 to 0.9)**0.68 (0.5 to 0.9)**0.54 (0.4 to 0.7)***p=0.29
    smoking4835OR5.36 (4.0 to 7.2)***5.65 (4.1 to 7.7)***7.05 (5.0 to 9.9)***p=0.23