Table 2

Epidemiological transition theory as modernisation theory: shared assumptions

1Epidemiological transition (and modernisation) is aphased process. Societies begin with the primitive or traditional stage and end with the modern stage.
2Epidemiological transition (and modernisation) is ahomogenising process that produces tendencies toward convergence among all societies.
3Epidemiological transition (and modernisation) is anEuropeanisation (or Americanisation) process.
4Epidemiological transition (and modernisation) is anirreversible process. Once started, it can not be stopped.
5Epidemiological transition (and modernisation) is a progressive process—in the long run it is desirable.
6Epidemiological transition (and modernisation) is a lengthy process.
  • This table is based on Susan Greenhalgh's “Anthropology theorizes reproduction: integrating practice, political economy and feminist perspectives” (in Susan Greenhalgh, editor,Situating fertility: anthropology and demographic inquiry, New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995: 6), which is in turn based on Alvin So's Social change and development: modernisation, dependency, and world systems theory(Newbury Park, California: Sage Publications, 1990: 33–34). In this table “Epidemiological transition (and modernisation)” substitutes “fertility transition,” the term that appears in Greenhalgh's.